Eberhard Jäckel : biography
Eberhard Jäckel (born June 29, 1929) is a Social Democratic German historian, noted for his studies of Adolf Hitler’s role in German history. Jäckel sees Hitler as being the historical equivalent to the Chernobyl disaster.see Jäckel’s essay "L’arrivé d"Hitler au pouvoir: un Tschernobly de l’histoire" from the book Weimar ou de la Démocratie en Allemagne
- Frankreich in Hitlers Europa : die deutsche Frankreichpolitik im Zweiten Weltkrieg, Stuttgart : Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1966.
- Hitlers Weltanschauung : Entwurf einer Herrschaft, Stuttgart : Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1969 translated into English as Hitler’s World View : A Blueprint for Power by Herbert Arnold, Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1972, 1981 ISBN 0-674-40425-4.
- Deutsche Parlamentsdebatten, Frankfurt a. M. u. Hamburg; Fischer-Bücherei 1970.
- Die Funktion der Geschichte in unserer Zeit, Stuttgart : Klett, 1975 ISBN 3-12-902160-4.
- "Litaraturbericht: Rückblick auf die sogenanngte Hitler-Welle" ("A Look at the So-Called Hitler Wave") pages 695-711 from Geschichte in Wissenschaft und Unterricht, Volume 28, 1977.
- Hitler Sämtliche Aufzeichnungen 1905-1924 , Stuttgart : Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1980 ISBN 3-421-01997-5.
- "Wie kam Hitler an die Macht?" pages 305-321 from Weimar Selbstpreisgabe einer Demokratie edited by Karl Dietrich Edmann and Hagen Schulze, Düsseldorf, 1980
- Co-edited with Jürgen Rohwer Kriegswende Dezember 1941 : Referate und Diskussionsbeiträge des internationalen historischen Symposiums in Stuttgart vom 17. bis 19. September 1981, Koblenz : Bernard & Graefe, 1984 ISBN 3-7637-5433-4.
- Co-written with Jürgen Rohwer Der Mord an den Juden im Zweiten Weltkrieg : Entschlussbildung und Verwirklichung, Stuttgart : Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1985 ISBN 3-421-06255-2.
- Hitler In History, Hanover, NH : Published for Brandeis University Press by University Press of New England, 1984 ISBN 0-87451-311-1.
- Hitlers Herrschaft. Vollzug einer Weltanschauung, Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1986.
- Co-written with Lea Rosh Der Tod ist ein Meister aus Deutschland’, Komet, 1990 ISBN 3-933366-44-5
- "Une querelle d’Allemands? La misérable pratique des sous-entendus" pages 95–98 from Documents, Volume 2, 1987.
- "Die doppelte Vergangenheit" pages 29–43 from Der Spiegel, December 23, 1991.
- David Irving’s Hitler : a faulty history dissected : two essays translation and comments by H. David Kirk ; with a foreword by Robert Fulford; Port Angeles, Wash. ; Brentwood Bay, B.C. : Ben-Simon Publications, 1993 ISBN 0-914539-08-6
- "The Impoverished Practice of Insinuation: The Singular Aspect of National-Socialist Crimes Cannot Be Denied" pages 74–78 from Forever In The Shadow of Hitler? edited by Ernst Piper, Humanities Press, Atlantic Highlands, 1993.
- "L’arrivé d"Hitler au pouvoir: un Tschernobly de l’histoire" from Weimar ou de la Démocratie en Allemagne edited by Gilbert Krebs and Gérard Schneilin, Paris, 1994.
- Das Deutsche Jahrhundert Eine historische Bilanze, Stuttgart, 1996.
- "The Holocaust: Where We Are, Where We Need to Go" pages 23–29 from The Holocaust and History The Known, the Unknown, the Disputed and the Reexamined edited by Michael Berenbaum and Abraham Peck, Indiana University Press, 1998.
Born in Wesermünde, Hanover, Jäckel studied history at Göttingen, Tübingen, Freiburg, Gainesville, and Paris after World War II. After serving as an assistant and docent at Kiel until 1966, he taught from 1967, following Golo Mann, as Professor for Modern History at the University of Stuttgart and remained loyal to this university.
Jäckel’s PhD dissertation was turned into his first book, 1966’s Frankreich in Hitlers Europa (France In Hitler’s Europe), a study of German policy towards France from 1933 to 1945. Jäckel first rose to fame through his 1969 book Hitlers Weltanschauung (Hitler’s Worldview), which was an examination of Hitler’s worldview and beliefs. Jäckel argued that far from being an opportunist with no beliefs as had been argued by Alan Bullock, Hitler held to a rigid set of fixed beliefs and he had consistently acted from his "race and space" philosophy throughout his career.Lukacs, John The Hitler of History, New York: Alfred Knopf, 1997 page 18 In Jäckel’s opinion, the core of Hitler’s world-view was his belief in what Hitler saw as the merciless struggle for survival between the "Aryan race" and the "Jewish race" and in his belief that stronger "races" possessed large amounts of Lebensraum (living space).Marrus, Michael The Holocaust In History, Toronto: KeyPorter, 2000 pages 14-15. In Jäckel’s view, everything that Hitler did throughout his life stemmed from the beliefs he had adopted in the 1920s.Lukacs, John The Hitler of History, New York: Alfred Knopf, 1997 page 18 Jäckel has argued that Hitler felt there were three factors that determined a people’s "racial value", namely its awareness of itself, the type of leadership it had, and its ability to make war.Marrus, Michael The Holocaust In History, Toronto: KeyPorter, 2000 pages 14-15. According to Jäckel, for Germany these meant ultra-nationalism, the Führerprinzip (Führer principle), and militarism, and all three were the constants throughout Hitler’s beliefs throughout his life.Marrus, Michael The Holocaust In History, Toronto: KeyPorter, 2000 page 15. In Jäckel’s opinion, Mein Kampf is a long rant against the three principles that Hitler saw as the antithesis of his three sacred principles, namenly internationalism, democracy and pacifism.Marrus, Michael The Holocaust In History, Toronto: KeyPorter, 2000 page 15. Jäckel asserts that for Hitler "the originators and bearers of all three counterpositions are the Jews".Marrus, Michael The Holocaust In History, Toronto: KeyPorter, 2000 page 15. In Jäckel’s view, in the Zweites Buch of 1928, Hitler:"established for the first time a logical link between his foreign policy conception and his antisemitism. They were synthesized in his view of history. With this, Hitler’s Weltanschauung had finally achieved the kind of consistency for which he had groped for a long time".Marrus, Michael The Holocaust In History, Toronto: KeyPorter, 2000 page 15. In this way, Jäckel argues that Mein Kampf was not only a "blueprint" for power, but also for genocide.Marrus, Michael The Holocaust In History, Toronto: KeyPorter, 2000 page 15. In Jäckel’s view:"He [Hitler] had to annihilate the Jews, thus restoring the meaning of history, and with the thus restored, nature-intended struggle for existence, he at the same time had to conquer new living space for the German people. Each of these tasks was inextricably linked to the other. Unless the Jews were annihilated there would very soon no longer be any struggle for living space, nor therefore any culture and consequently nations would die out; not just the German nation, but ultimately all nations. But if, on the other hand, the German people failed to conquer new living space, it would die out because of that and the Jews would triumph".Marrus, Michael The Holocaust In History, Toronto: KeyPorter, 2000 page 15. Jäckel takes the view that Hitler’s ideology developed in stages in the 1920s, and wrote "It is an important fact that the final completion [of Hitler’s ideology], contrary to Hitler’s own statements, in 1919 had only begun".Lukacs, John The Hitler of History, New York: Alfred Knopf, 1997 page 18 In addition, Jäckel’s book was noteworthy as the first account of Hitler’s beliefs written in Germany by someone from the left (Jäckel joined the SPD in 1967).Lukacs, John The Hitler of History, New York: Alfred Knopf, 1997 page 18 In regards to the foreign policy debates, Jäckel is a leading "continentalist", arguing that Nazi foreign policy aimed only at the conquest of Eastern Europe against the "globalists" who argue that Hitler wanted world conquestKershaw, Sir Ian The Nazi dictatorship : problems and perspectives of interpretation London : Arnold 2000 page 137.