Mason Welch Gross : biography
Mason Welch Gross (June 11, 1911 – October 11, 1977) was an American television quiz show personality and academic who served as the sixteenth President of Rutgers University, serving from 1959 to 1971.
Board of directors
- Vassar College
- Taft School
- Middlesex General Hospital
- American Cancer Society
- Mediation Board of New Jersey
- National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges
He was born in Hartford, Connecticut in 1911 to Hilda Frances Welch (c. 1880-1962) and Charles Welles Gross (1877–1957). He had two siblings: Spencer Gross (1906–1982) and Cornelia Gross (1914-?). Charles Gross was an attorney.Mason Gross; 1920 US Census; Hartford, Connecticut Mason started in the Hartford public grade school system and two years at Hartford High School. He then entered the Taft School, a preparatory school in Watertown, Connecticut in 1925. In 1927 he became ill following his inoculation for scarlet fever. He missed a year of school and spent part of the year at a ranch belonging to his mother’s cousin in Arizona.
Mason earned his Bachelors of Arts in 1934; and Master of Arts degree in classics in 1937, at Jesus College, University of Cambridge. While there he rowed under the legendary Steve Fairbairn.p64 The Collected Speeches of Mason Welch Gross
He returned to the United States and studied at Harvard University under Alfred North Whitehead, earning his Doctor of Philosophy in 1938. He taught at Columbia University from 1938 to 1942, where he met Julia Kernan, a Vassar graduate, and they married on September 6, 1940. They had four children together: Ellen Clarissa Gross who married Frank A. Miles, Katharine Wood Gross who married Clayton H. Farnham, Charles Welles Gross, and Thomas Welch Gross.
He then served in World War II in the Army Intelligence Corps, and was assigned to a bomber group based in Italy. Gross earned the Bronze Star, and was later discharged as a Captain.
He then became Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Assistant to the Dean of Arts and Science at Rutgers University in 1946. In 1947 he was promoted to assistant dean and associate professor, and in 1949 was appointed to the newly created position of provost to take over the duties of the ailing Robert Clarkson Clothier who took a leave of absence. Clothier resigned his office in 1951 and Gross continued as provost under the newly appointed Lewis Webster Jones. He was then given the additional title of vice president in 1958. Jones resigned the presidency in August 1958, and in February 1959, Gross was chosen as president. On May 6, 1959, he became the sixteenth president of Rutgers University.
From 1949 to 1950 he was a panelist on the television quiz show, Think Fast. He was also a judge for the show, Two for the Money from 1952 to 1955.
He oversaw large-scale development on all the University’s campuses, including the development of Livingston College from the Army’s former Camp Kilmer. Gross served during turbulent times with student protests over the Vietnam War which saw the Rutgers ROTC building burned, and race riots in nearby Newark, New Jersey in 1969.
During this time, Gross received recognition for refusing to dismiss Eugene Genovese, a professor who early during the Vietnam War publicly supported the Viet Cong and welcomed their victory in Southeast Asia. During his tenure Rutgers University acquired the Center for Alcohol Studies in 1963, formerly housed at Yale University since the 1920s, and established a medical school.
In 1971, after 25 years of service, 12 as the university president, he retired. He then became the director of the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation and served until his death. At the time of his death, he was a resident of Rumson, New Jersey.
He died in Riverview Hospital in Red Bank, New Jersey, at age 66 in 1977.
- 1911 Birth in Hartford, Connecticut
- 1920 Living in Hartford, Connecticut
- 1925 Attends Taft School in Watertown, Connecticut
- 1934 B.A. from Jesus College, Cambridge
- 1937 M.A. in classics from Jesus College, Cambridge
- 1938 Ph.D. from Harvard University
- 1938 Begins as instructor at Columbia University
- 1940 Marriage to Julia Kernan
- 1942 Ends as instructor at Columbia University
- 1942 Begins Army Intelligence Corps in Italy during World War II
- 1945 Ends Army Intelligence Corps
- 1946 Assistant professor of philosophy and assistant to the dean of the College of Arts and Science at Rutgers University
- 1949 Promoted to Full Professor at Rutgers University and made provost to Robert Clothier
- 1949 Begins as panelist on Think Fast
- 1950 Ends as panelist on Think Fast
- 1951 Robert Clothier resigns and Lewis Webster Jones becomes president
- 1952 Begins tenure as judge on Two for the Money
- 1955 Ends tenure as judge on Two for the Money
- 1958 Vice Presidency of Rutgers University
- 1958 Lewis Webster Jones resigns in August
- 1959 Presidency of Rutgers University on May 6
- 1971 Retired from Rutgers University
- 1975 Mason Gross School of the Arts created
- 1977 Death in Red Bank, New Jersey
The School for the Creative and Performing Arts at Rutgers was renamed as the Mason Gross School of the Arts in 1979 in his honor., www.masongross.rutgers.edu. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
In 1980 Rutgers University Press published The Selected Speeches of Mason Welch Gross.