Zaidiyyah : biography
Zaidiyya, or Zaidism (Arabic: الزيدية az-zaydiyya, adjective form Zaidi or Zaydi) is a Shi’a Muslim school of thought named after Zayd ibn ʻAlī, the grandson of Husayn ibn ʻAlī. Followers of the Zaydi Islamic jurisprudence are called Zaydi Shi’a and are particularly prevalent in Yemen. The Zaydi Shi’a have a unique approach within Shi’a Islamic thought that has similarities with Sunni Islam. Its adherents are also known as Fivers.
==Zaidi Imāms== Are same as like other Shias Imam there is no difference its just fals information about Shia.
|Muhammad||Prophet of Islam|
|Hasan ibn Ali||2nd Imam|
|Hussein ibn Ali||3rd Imam|
|Zayn al Abidin ibn al-Husayn||4th Imam|
|Muhammad Baqar ibn Ali||5th Imam|
|Ja’far Sadai ibn Muhammad Baqar ]||6th Imam|
|Musa al Kazim ibn Ja’far Sadai ]||7th Imam|
|Ali Reza ibn Musa al Kazim ]||8th Imam|
|Muhammad Taqi ibn Ali Reza ]||9th Imam|
|Ali Naqi ibn Muhammad Taqi ]||10th Imam|
|Hassan Al Askari ibn Ali Naqi ]||11th Imam|
|Muhammad Al Mahdi ibn Hassan Al Askari ]||12th Imam|
In matters of Islamic jurisprudence, the Zaydis follow Zayd ibn ’Ali’s teachings which are documented in his book Majmu’ al-Fiqh (). Zaydi fiqh is similar to the Hanafi school of Sunni Islamic jurisprudence. Abu Hanifa, a Sunni madhab founder, was favorable and even donated towards the Zaydi cause.The Princeton encyclopedia of Islamic political thought – Page 14, Gerhard Böwering, Patricia Crone, Mahan Mirza – 2012
In matters of theology, the Zaydis are close to the Mu’tazili school, though they are not Mu’tazilite. There are a few issues between both schools, most notably the Zaydi doctrine of the Imamate, which is rejected by the Mu’tazilites. Of the Shi’a, Zaydis are most similar to Sunnis 1991 Page 24 since Zaydism shares similar doctrines and jurisprudential opinions with Sunni scholars. By Daniel McLaughlin
Like all Muslims, the Zaydi Shi’a affirm the fundamental tenet of Islam known as the Shahada or testament of faith "There is no deity (worthy of worship) but God and Muhammad is His Messenger." Traditionally, the Zaydi believe that Muslims who commit major sins without remorse should not be considered Muslims nor be considered kafirs but rather be categorized in neither group.
In the context of the Shi’a Muslim belief in spiritual leadership or Imamate, Zaydis believe that the leader of the Ummah or Muslim community must be Fatimids: descendants of Muhammad through his only surviving daughter Fatimah, whose sons were Hasan ibn ʻAlī and Husayn ibn ʻAlī. These Shi’a called themselves Zaydi so they could differentiate themselves from other Shi’is who refused to take up arms with Zayd ibn Ali and the later Zaydi Imams.
Zaydis believe Zayd ibn Ali was the rightful successor to the Imamate because he led a rebellion against the Umayyad Caliphate, who he believed were tyrannical and corrupt. Muhammad al-Baqir did not engage in political action and the followers of Zayd believed that a true Imām must fight against corrupt rulers.Islamic dynasties of the Arab East: state and civilization during the later medieval times by Abdul Ali, M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd., 1996, p97 The renowned Muslim jurist Abū Ḥanīfa who is credited for the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam, delivered a fatwā or legal statement in favour of Zayd in his rebellion against the Umayyad ruler. He also urged people in secret to join the uprising and delivered funds to Zayd.Ahkam al-Quran By Abu Bakr al-Jassas al-Razi, volume 1 page 100, published by Dar Al-Fikr Al-Beirutiyya