Napoleon Bonaparte : biography
Only 1100 people landed with Napoleon in the Juan bay on the 1st of March in 1815. They disappeared in Alps but soon appeared in Grenoble and the local garrison immediately went over to the former emperor. In Lion Napoleon had a real stress when he heard, that the crowd greeted him as a murderer of priests, noblemen and kings. Napoleon’s troops were met by Marshal Ney. In his letter to Napoleon he threatened to send him to Paris in a good iron cell but he had to surrender with his army. Without any shot Napoleon came to Paris on the 20th of March in 1815. Louis XVIII escaped to Netherlands.
With the help of Marshal Davout Napoleon assembled a new army and defeated Prussians near Ligny, then he attacked united forces of Dutchmen and English on the 18th of June in 1815 on Waterloo. Forces’ disposition didn’t give both sides possibility of manoeuvre and couldn’t bring victory to anybody. When French decided that victory is close, General Blucher with Prussian army came to help Wellington. Napoleon’s army was defeated. At the last time Napoleon left his army to reach Paris. On the 22th of June a new constitutional meeting accepted the second renunciation of Napoleon and proclaimed his son Napoleon II the emperor. Napoleon had to go to the naval base Rochefort on the cost of Bay of Biscay. He tried to negotiate with English about moving to America but vainly – he was sent as a prisoner to Saint Helen’s island on the 15th of October in 1815.
Napoleon’s imprisonment wasn’t very severe. He had a small suite, but the guard never called him the emperor. As a last resort they called him General Bonaparte. There are a lot of speculation and fantasy about Napoleon’s death. They say that he was poisoned with arsenic as a result of his amorousness. Nevertheless, after his death on the 5th of May in 1821 Europe didn’t compassionate to its former usurper.
Napoleon’s personality has attracted intent attention of historians till nowadays; he is put in one row with the greatest commanders and statesmen.