Louis Pasteur


Louis Pasteur : biography

27 December 1822 – 28 September 1895

Legal risk was not the only kind Pasteur undertook. In The Story of San Michele, Axel Munthe writes of the rabies vaccine research:

Because of his study in germs, Pasteur encouraged doctors to sanitize their hands and equipment before surgery. Prior to this, few doctors or their assistants practiced these procedures.

Pasteur Institute

The Pasteur Institute was established by Pasteur to perpetuate his commitment to basic research and its practical applications. He brought together scientists with various specialties. The first five departments were directed by two normaliens (graduates of the École Normale Supérieure): Emile Duclaux (general microbiology research) and Charles Chamberland (microbe research applied to hygiene), as well as a biologist, Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (morphological microbe research) and two physicians, Jacques-Joseph Grancher (rabies) and Emile Roux (technical microbe research). One year after the inauguration of the institute, Roux set up the first course of microbiology ever taught in the world, then entitled Cours de Microbie Technique (Course of microbe research techniques). Since 1891 the Pasteur Institute had been extended to different countries, and currently there are 32 institutes in 29 countries in various parts of the world.

Principal works

Pasteur’s principal works are:

French Title Year English Title
Etudes sur le Vin 1866 Studies on Wine
"Etudes sur le Vinaigre" 1868 Studies on Vinegar
"Etudes sur la Maladie des Vers à Soie" (2 volumes) 1870 Studies on Silk Worm Disease
; "Quelques Réflexions sur la Science en France" 1871 Some Reflections on Science in France
"Etudes sur la Bière" 1876 Studies on Beer
"Les Microbes organisés, leur rôle dans la Fermentation, la Putréfaction et la Contagion’" 1878 Microbes organized, their role in fermentation, putrefaction and the Contagion
"Discours de Réception de M.L. Pasteur à l’Académie française" 1882 Speech by Mr L. Pasteur on reception to the Académie française
"Traitement de la Rage" 1886 Treatment of Rabies