Lachlan Macquarie

Lachlan Macquarie bigraphy, stories - British Army general

Lachlan Macquarie : biography

31 January 1762 – 1 July 1824

Major-General Lachlan Macquarie CB ( or and ; Scottish Gaelic spelling: Lachlann MacGuaire;The Australian People: An Encyclopedia of the Nation, Its People and Their Origins. (2001) James Jupp p650 Cambridge University Press 31 January 17621 July 1824), was a Scottish British army officer and colonial administrator. He served as the last autocratic Governor of New South Wales, AustraliaDavidson G., et al (1998), p. 405 from 1810 to 1821 and had a leading role in the social, economic and architectural development of the colony. He is considered by historians to have had a crucial influence on the transition of New South Wales from a penal colony to a free settlement and therefore to have played a major role in the shaping of Australian society in the early nineteenth century.Ward, R., (1975), pp. 37–38Molony, J., (1987), p. 47 An inscription on his tomb in Scotland describes him as "The Father of Australia".Davidson G., et al (1998), p. 406


Places named after/in honour of Mrs Macquarie

  • Places named after or in honour of Macquarie’s wife, Elizabeth (née Campbell; 1778–1835):
  • Elizabeth Street, a principal street of Hobart, Tasmania named after Macquarie’s wife
  • Elizabeth Street, Sydney, one of the principal streets of Sydney, named after Macquarie’s wife
  • Elizabeth Bay, a bay of Port Jackson and suburb of Sydney
  • Mrs Macquarie’s Chair, a rock cut into a chair shape on Mrs Macquarie’s Point, a peninsula in Port Jackson, at the end of Mrs Macquarie’s Road
  • Campbelltown, New South Wales, a town founded in 1820, one of a series of settlements south-west of Sydney being established by Macquarie at that time
  • Appin, New South Wales, a town founded in 1811, which takes its name from Appin, the Scottish West Highlands town where Elizabeth was born
  • Airds, New South Wales, a suburb in south-western Sydney, which takes its name from Elizabeth’s Scottish family estate
  • Meredith Island off the coast of New South Wales was reportedly named after a friend of Mrs Elizabeth Macquarie

Commemoration of Macquarie’s birthplace

  • Mull: The Macquarie connection is distinguished, in particular, by the extremely large number of place names in New South Wales and Tasmania whose origins are derived from locations and features on the Isle of Mull and its environs. Macquarie used his governorship as an opportunity to commemorate, through nostalgic place names, the places and personal associations that he had kept with Mull since his boyhood. Place names include:
  • Glenorchy, Tasmania
  • Hamilton, Tasmania
  • North Esk and South Esk rivers

Places named after Macquarie

Many places in Australia have been named in Macquarie’s honour (some of these were named by Macquarie himself). They include:

At the time of his governorship or shortly thereafter:

  • Macquarie Island between Tasmania and Antarctica the subsequent tectonic plate Macquarie Ridge and junction which align northwards from the island are also named after Macquarie.
  • Lake Macquarie on the coast of New South Wales between Sydney and Newcastle renamed after Macquarie in 1826
  • Macquarie River a significant inland river in New South Wales which passes Bathurst, Wellington, Dubbo and Warren before entering the Macquarie Marshes and the Barwon River
  • Mount Macquarie, highest point in the Blayney Shire at 1100 metres above sea level. For a time it was named Mount Lachlan
  • Lachlan River, another significant river in New South Wales
  • Port Macquarie, a city at the mouth of the Hastings River on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales
  • Macquarie Pass, a route traversing the escarpment between the Illawarra district and the Southern Highlands district of New South Wales
  • Macquarie Rivulet, a river 23 kilometres long which rises near Robertson, New South Wales and drains into Lake Illawarra
  • Around Sydney:
    • Macquarie Street, one of the principal streets of downtown Sydney, home of the New South Wales Parliament
    • Macquarie Place a small park in the Sydney CBD
    • Macquarie Lighthouse, Australia’s first and longest operating navigational light
    • The former Fort Macquarie on Bennelong Point
    • Macquarie Fields, now a suburb of Sydney but named by surveyor Evans after the governor
  • In Tasmania:
    • Macquarie Street, one of the principal streets of Hobart
    • Macquarie Street, one of the principal streets of the historic town of Evandale, a town he founded in 1811
    • Macquarie Harbour, on the west coast
    • Macquarie River
  • In New South Wales,
    • Macquarie Hill, formerly known as Mount Macquarie, in Wingecarribee Shire, Southern Highlands, New South Wales
    • Macquarie Pier, built in 1818 on the Hunter River for the port of Newcastle, a breakwater linking Coal Island, now known as Nobby’s Head, to the mainland at South Head (now Fort Scratchley)
    • The Macquarie Arms Hotel at Windsor, New South Wales built in 1815. It ceased operating in 1840, but reopened in 1874 and has been used continuously as a hotel ever since. Windsor also contains a Macquarie Street.
    • Lachlan Macquarie Ward, Parramatta, New South Wales