Isaaс Newton : biography
The great physician, mathematician and astronomer Isaac Newton was born in England, in Woolsthorpe hamlet. The future scientist’s father was a prosperous peasant, but Newton believed that he was descended from Scotland nobleman’s clan. The boy early became an orphan, his father had died before he was born, and his mother married the second time and left the child to his grandmother. Newton was a wick and unhealthy child, and many biographers consider this fact as a reason of offishness and complicated character of the scientist. As a child he spent a lot of time alone reading books and making handicrafts, for example, sun-clocks and mills. At the age of twelve Newton started to go to school, and four years later his mother tried to influence on him and take him back to the estate to make him keep house. But Issac decided to follow his flame – reading books and making handicrafts, and at the age of 19 he continued education in Cambridge. He had to study hard to enter Cambridge, and he was a sizar – one of the poor students that worked as servants in college.
As a student Issac gained such humours as assiduity, attentiveness, persistence and indifference to fame, he was unsociable and didn’t have friends. 1664 year was full of events for Newton. Isaac Barrow, a professor in college, influenced him to be keen on mathematics and make first discoveries in this field. He also got acquainted with the works of Galileo, Descartes and Kepler. After studying their works he managed to synthesize the gained knowledge and unite it to the universal world system.
In 1665 Isaac returned to Woolsthorpe because of the plague epidemic, he stayed there till 1667. but he didn’t spent his time in vain, he continued to work on his investigations and made experiments in the maths field. His greatest discovery in these years was a law of universal gravitation.
In 1668 Isaac Newton as a successor of Barrow became a professor and got a personal laboratory in Trinity college where he had studied. Newton started to make his experiments more actively, he investigated optical phenomena. As a result he invented a reflecting telescope that made Newton a famous person.
In 1672 Newton was elected as a member of London royal Society, but when he presented his theory of colour and light, one of the oldest members a scientist Hooke criticized it. Polemics and everybody’s attention provoked depression and removed desire to take part in scientific controversy.
After long years of working on mathematical analysis foundation in 1687 Newton completed his investigations with the famous paper “Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica” that laid foundations to mathematics, astronomy and physics on many years.
The last years of his life Newton studied Theology, Bible and antique history.