Guglielmo Marconi : biography
Guglielmo Marconi ( 25 April 187420 July 1937) was an Italian inventor, known for his pioneering work on long distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi’s law and a radio telegraph system. Marconi is often credited as the inventor of radio, and he shared the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Ferdinand Braun "in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy"."" As an entrepreneur, businessman, and founder of the The Wireless Telegraph & Signal Company in Britain in 1897, Marconi succeeded in making a commercial success of radio by innovating and building on the work of previous experimenters and physicists. In 1924, he was ennobled as a Marchese.
Legacy and honours
Honours and awards
- In 1909, Marconi shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Braun for his contributions to radio communications.
- In 1918, he was awarded the Franklin Institute’s Franklin Medal.
- In 1929, he was made a marquess by King Victor Emmanuel III., thus becoming Marchese Marconi.
- In 1977, Marconi was inducted into the National Broadcasters Hall of Fame. Accessed 10 February 2009
- In 1988, the Radio Hall of Fame (Museum of Broadcast Communications, Chicago) inducted Marconi as a Pioneer (soon after the inception of its awards).
- In 1990, the Bank of Italy issued a 2000 lire banknote featuring his portrait on the front and on the back his accomplishments. Banknote Museum (banknote.ws). Retrieved on 2013-03-17.
- In 2001, Great Britain released a commemorative British two pound coin celebrating the 100th anniversary of Marconi’s first wireless communication.
- Marconi’s early experiments in wireless telegraphy were the subject of two IEEE Milestones; one in Switzerland in 2003 and most recently in Italy in 2011.
- In 2009, Italy issued a commemorative silver €5 coin honouring the centennial of Marconi’s Nobel Prize.
- In 2009, he was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame.. accesshollywood.com (2 February 2009).
- The Dutch radio academy bestows the Marconi Awards annually for outstanding radio programmes, presenters and stations.
- The National Association of Broadcasters (US) bestows the annual NAB Marconi Radio Awards also for outstanding radio programs and stations.
- A funerary monument to the effigy of Marconi can be seen in the Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence but his remains are in Sasso, near Bologna.
- A sculpture devoted to Marconi stands in Washington, D.C.
- The premier collection of Marconi artifacts was held by The General Electric Company, p.l.c. (GEC) of the United Kingdom which later renamed Marconi plc and Marconi Corporation plc. In December 2004 the extensive Marconi Collection, held at the former Marconi Research Centre at Great Baddow, Chelmsford, Essex UK was by the Company via the University of Oxford. This consisted of the BAFTA award-winning website, some 250+ physical artifacts and the massive ephemera collection of papers, books, patents and many other items. The artifacts are now held by and the ephemera Archives by the nearby . The latest release, following three years work at the Bodleian, is the , released in November 2008.
- The Starship song "We Built This City" mentions Marconi.
- A granite obelisk stands on the clifftop at Poldhu, Cornwall near the site of Marconi’s radio station, commemorating the first transatlantic transmission.
Places and organizations named after Marconi
- Marconi Road in Kowloon Tong, former home of many of Hong Kong’s broadcasters, including Asia Television Limited and Television Broadcasts Limited
- Marconi Park, Ballycastle
- Marconi Park, Enniscorthy
- Marconi House, Digges Ln, Dublin
- Guglielmo Marconi Airport (IATA: BLQ – ICAO: LIPE), of Bologna, Italy, is named after Marconi, its native son.
- "Guglielmo Marconi" University in Rome, Italy.(Università degli Studi "Guglielmo Marconi" di Roma).
- Via Guglielmo Marconi in virtually all Italian towns and villages