George Gurdjieff

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George Gurdjieff : biography

13 January 1866 – 29 October 1949

Maurice Nicoll became a pupil of Gurdjieff in 1922. A year later, when Gurdjieff closed his Institute, Nicoll joined Ouspensky’s group. In 1931, he followed Ouspensky’s advice and started his own groups in England. He is perhaps best known as the author of the five volume series of texts on the teachings of Gurdjieff and Ouspensky: Psychological Commentaries on the Teaching of Gurdjieff and Ouspensky (Boston: Shambhala, 1996, and Samuel Weiser Inc., 1996).

John G. Bennett, a British technologist, industrial research director, and author best known for his many books on psychology and spirituality, and particularly the teachings of G.I. Gurdjieff, whom Bennett met in Istanbul in 1921.

Olgivanna Lazovich who later became Mrs. Olgivanna Lloyd Wright when she married the architect, Frank Lloyd Wright, was a student of Gurdjieff, as was their daughter, Iovanna Lloyd Wright. After returning to Taliesin, Iovanna instituted classes in Gurdjieffian Dance Movements, which apprentices were required to participate in and learn. On Wednesday afternoons, Mr. Wright would read to his pupils and discuss Gurdjieff’s ideas expressed in All and Everything, and in Ouspensky’s book, In Search of the Miraculous.

Fritz (Arthur H) Peters. An American who first encountered Gurdjieff at the age of 11. He arrived at the Prieur√© under the care of his mother’s sister, Margaret Anderson, where he took on the role of Gurdjieff’s personal assistant and errand-boy, also receiving an hour of personal tuition each week. Peters returned to the US, but was to have a string of meetings with Gurdjieff in subsequent years. He wrote a reminiscence of his time with Gurdjieff (as well as the novel

Finistere), but was never a central figure in the US Work groups.