Garry Kasparov : biography
Kasparov won games 47 and 48 to bring the scores to 5–3 in Karpov’s favour. Then the match was ended without result by Florencio Campomanes, the President of Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE), and a new match was announced to start a few months later. The termination was controversial, as both players stated that they preferred the match to continue. Announcing his decision at a press conference, Campomanes cited the health of the players, which had been strained by the length of the match.
The match became the first, and so far only, world championship match to be abandoned without result. Kasparov’s relations with Campomanes and FIDE were greatly strained, and the feud between them eventually came to a head in 1993 with Kasparov’s complete break-away from FIDE.
Olympiads and other major team events
Kasparov played in a total of eight Chess Olympiads. He represented the Soviet Union four times and Russia four times, following the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. In his 1980 Olympiad debut, he became, at age 17, the youngest player to represent the Soviet Union or Russia at that level, a record which was broken by Vladimir Kramnik in 1992. In 82 games, he has scored (+50 −3 =29), for 78.7% and won a total of 19 medals, including team gold medals all eight times he competed. For the 1994 Moscow Olympiad, he had a significant organizational role, in helping to put together the event on short notice, after Thessaloniki canceled its offer to host, a few weeks before the scheduled dates. Kasparov’s detailed Olympiad record, from, follows.
- Valletta 1980, USSR 2nd reserve, 9½/12 (+8 −1 =3), team gold, board bronze;
- Lucerne 1982, USSR 2nd board, 8½/11 (+6 −0 =5), team gold, board bronze;
- Dubai 1986, USSR 1st board, 8½/11 (+7 −1 =3), team gold, board gold, performance gold;
- Thessaloniki 1988, USSR 1st board, 8½/10 (+7 −0 =3), team gold, board gold, performance gold;
- Manila 1992, Russia board 1, 8½/10 (+7 −0 =3), team gold, board gold, performance silver;
- Moscow 1994, Russia board 1, 6½/10 (+4 −1 =5), team gold;
- Yerevan 1996, Russia board 1, 7/9 (+5 −0 =4), team gold, board gold, performance silver;
- Bled 2002, Russia board 1, 7½/9 (+6 −0 =3), team gold, board gold.
Kasparov made his international teams debut for the USSR at age 16 in the 1980 European Team Championship and played for Russia in the 1992 edition of that championship. He won a total of five medals. His detailed Euroteams record, from, follows.
- Skara 1980, USSR 2nd reserve, 5½/6 (+5 −0 =1), team gold, board gold;
- Debrecen 1992, Russia board 1, 6/8 (+4 −0 =4), team gold, board gold, performance silver.
Kasparov also represented the USSR once in Youth Olympiad competition, but the is incomplete; the has his individual score from that event.
- Graz 1981, USSR board 1, 9/10 (+8 −0 =2), team gold.
- The Test of Time (Russian Chess) (1986, Pergamon Pr)
- World Chess Championship Match: Moscow, 1985 (1986, Everyman Chess)
- Child of Change: An Autobiography (1987, Hutchinson)
- London–Leningrad Championship Games (1987, Everyman Chess)
- Unlimited Challenge (1990, Grove Pr)
- The Sicilian Scheveningen (1991, B.T. Batsford Ltd)
- The Queen’s Indian Defence: Kasparov System (1991, B.T. Batsford Ltd)
- Kasparov Versus Karpov, 1990 (1991, Everyman Chess)
- Kasparov on the King’s Indian (1993, B.T. Batsford Ltd)
- Garry Kasparov’s Chess Challenge (1996, Everyman Chess)
- Lessons in Chess (1997, Everyman Chess)
- Kasparov Against the World: The Story of the Greatest Online Challenge (2000, KasparovChess Online)
- My Great Predecessors Part I (2003, Everyman Chess)
- My Great Predecessors Part II (2003, Everyman Chess)
- Checkmate!: My First Chess Book (2004, Everyman Mindsports)
- My Great Predecessors Part III (2004, Everyman Chess)
- My Great Predecessors Part IV (2004, Everyman Chess)
- My Great Predecessors Part V (2006, Everyman Chess)
- How Life Imitates Chess (2007, William Heinemann Ltd)
- Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess, Part 1: Revolution in the 70s (2007, Everyman Chess)
- Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess, Part 2: Kasparov vs Karpov 1975–1985 (2008, Everyman Chess)
- Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess, Part 3: Kasparov vs Karpov 1986–1987 (2009, Everyman Chess)
- Garry Kasparov on Modern Chess, Part 4: Kasparov vs Karpov 1988–2009 (2010, Everyman Chess)
- Garry Kasparov on Garry Kasparov, part I; (2011, Everyman Chess)
- The Blueprint: Reviving Innovation, Rediscovering Risk, and Rescuing the Free Market; (2013, W. W. Norton & Co)