Frank Robinson


Frank Robinson : biography

August 31, 1935 –

The Orioles won three consecutive pennants between 1969 and 1971, and won the 1970 World Series over his old club Cincinnati.

During a 21-year baseball career, he batted .294 with 586 home runs, 1,812 runs batted in, and 2,943 hits. At his retirement, his 586 career home runs were the fourth-best in history (behind only Hank Aaron, Babe Ruth, and Willie Mays). He is second on Cincinnati’s all-time home run leaders list (324) behind Johnny Bench and is the Reds’ all-time leader in slugging percentage (.554).

Robinson finished his playing career with brief appearances for the Los Angeles Dodgers, California Angels and Cleveland Indians.

Early life

Robinson attended McClymonds High School in Oakland, California, where he was a basketball teammate of Bill Russell. During the off-season while playing for the Reds in the late 1950s, he attended Xavier University in Cincinnati.


In addition to his two Most Valuable Player awards (1961 and 1966) and his World Series Most Valuable Player award (1966), Robinson was honored in 1966 with the Hickok Belt as the top professional athlete of the year in any sport.

In 1982, Frank Robinson was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame as a Baltimore Oriole. Robinson is also a charter member of the Baltimore Orioles Hall of Fame (along with Brooks Robinson), and a member of the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame, being inducted into both in 1978. Both the Reds and the Orioles have retired his uniform number 20.

In 1999, he ranked Number 22 on The Sporting News list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players, and was nominated as a finalist for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.

In 2003, the Reds dedicated a bronze statue of Robinson at Great American Ball Park. On April 28, 2012, the Orioles unveiled a bronze statue of Robinson at Oriole Park at Camden Yards as part of the Orioles Legends Celebration Series.

He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on November 9, 2005, by President George W. Bush. On April 13, 2007 Robinson was rewarded the first Jackie Robinson Society Community Recognition Award at George Washington University.

In his career, he held several Major League Records. In his rookie season, he tied Wally Berger’s record for home runs by a rookie (38). (The current record would be set by Mark McGwire in 1987.) Robinson still holds the record for home runs on opening day (8), which includes a home run in his first at bat as a player-manager. Robinson won the American League Triple Crown (.316 BA, 49 HR, 122 RBI) – only two players (Carl Yastrzemski and Miguel Cabrera) have since won the award in either league – and the two MVP awards, which made him the first player in baseball history to earn the title in both leagues.

Post-managerial retirement

Robinson served as an analyst for ESPN during 2007 Spring Training. The Nationals offered to honor Robinson during a May 20 game against his former club the Baltimore Orioles but he refused.

According to Washington Post writer Barry Svrluga, Robinson is currently working in Bud Selig’s office.

On January 13, 2011, reported that Frank Robinson was taken by ambulance to a Scottsdale, Arizona hospital because of dizziness and an irregular heartbeat.