Charles Dana Gibson : biography
Charles Dana Gibson (September 14, 1867 – December 23, 1944) was an American graphic artist, best known for his creation of the Gibson Girl, an iconic representation of the beautiful and independent American woman at the turn of the 20th century.
Gibson was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, the son of Josephine Elizabeth (née Lovett) and Charles DeWolf Gibson. He was the great-grandson of U.S. Senator James DeWolf and the great-great-grandson of U.S. Senator William Bradford. A talented youth, he was enrolled by his parents in New York’s Art Students League, where he studied for two years.
Peddling his pen-and-ink sketches, he sold his first work in 1886 to John Ames Mitchell’s Life. His works appeared weekly in the magazine for over 30 years. He quickly built a wider reputation, his works appearing in all the major New York publications, Harper’s Weekly, Scribners and Collier’s. His illustrated books include the 1898 editions of Anthony Hope’s The Prisoner of Zenda and its sequel Rupert of Hentzau. The development of the Gibson Girl from 1890 and her nationwide fame made Gibson respected and wealthy.
Their First Quarrel, 1914 In 1895, he married Irene Langhorne, born in Danville, Virginia, a sister of Nancy Astor, the first woman to serve as a Member of Parliament in the British House of Commons. The elegant Langhorne sisters, born to a once-wealthy Virginia family devastated by the Civil War, served as the inspiration for the famous Gibson Girls.
He became the editor and eventual owner of Life after the death of Mitchell in 1918. The popularity of the Gibson Girl faded after World War I, and Gibson took to working with oils for his own pleasure.
Almost unrestricted merchandising saw his distinctive sketches appear in many forms. The Gibson is named after him, as he favored ordering gin martinis with a pickled onion garnish in place of the traditional olive or lemon zest.
Gibson owned an island off of Islesboro, Maine which came to be known as 700 Acre Island, where he and his wife spent an increasing amount of time through the years. He retired in 1936, the same year Scribner’s published his biography, Portrait of an Era as Drawn by C.D. Gibson: A Biography by Fairfax Downey.
On his death in 1944, Charles Dana Gibson was interred at Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
File:Gibson Girl.png|Gibson Girl, created 1898 Image:Zenda1 Gibson.jpg|Frontispiece to The Prisoner of Zenda, 1898 Image:Hentzau Gibson.jpg|Illustration from Rupert of Hentzau, 1898 Image:At the Beach, Gibson.jpg|At the Beach, 1901 Image:Fancy Dress, Gibson.jpg|Fancy Dress, 1901 Image:Love in a Garden, Gibson.jpg|Love in a Garden, 1901 Image:The Crush, Gibson.jpg|The Crush, 1901 File:Art Lesson, Charles Dana Gibson.jpg|Art Lesson, 1901 Image:Everything in the World That Money Can Buy, Gibson.jpg|Everything in the World that Money Can Buy, 1901 Image:Stepped On, Gibson.jpg|Stepped On, 1901 Image:Fanned Out, Charles Dana Gibson.jpg|Fanned Out, 1914 Image:GibsonWomenJury.jpg|Studies in Expression: When Women Are Jurors 1902
- Gibson, Charles Dana. The Gibson Girl and Her America. Dover, 2010.