Buckminster Fuller


Buckminster Fuller : biography

July 12, 1895 – July 1, 1983


Fuller was a frequent flier, often crossing time zones. He famously wore three watches; one for the current zone, one for the zone he had departed, and one for the zone he was going to. Fuller also noted that a single sheet of newsprint, inserted over a shirt and under a suit jacket, provided completely effective heat insulation during long flights.

He experimented with polyphasic sleep, which he called Dymaxion sleep. In 1943, he told Time Magazine that he had slept only two hours a day for two years. He quit the schedule because it conflicted with his business associates’ sleep habits, but stated that Dymaxion sleep could help the United States win World War II.

Fuller documented his life copiously from 1915 to 1983, approximately of papers in a collection called the Dymaxion Chronofile. He also kept copies of all incoming and outgoing correspondence. The enormous Fuller Collection is currently housed at Stanford University. If somebody kept a very accurate record of a human being, going through the era from the Gay 90s, from a very different kind of world through the turn of the century—as far into the twentieth century as you might live. I decided to make myself a good case history of such a human being and it meant that I could not be judge of what was valid to put in or not. I must put everything in, so I started a very rigorous record.

In his youth, Fuller experimented with several ways of presenting himself: R. B. Fuller, Buckminster Fuller, but as an adult finally settled on R. Buckminster Fuller, and signed his letters as such. However, he preferred to be addressed as simply "Bucky".

Influence and legacy

Among the many people who were influenced by Buckminster Fuller are: Constance Abernathy, Retrieved December 29, 2010 Ruth Asawa, Retrieved December 29, 2010 J. Baldwin, Retrieved December 29, 2010 Retrieved December 29, 2010 Michael Ben-Eli,Makovsky, Paul; Lanks, Belinda and Pedersen, Martin C. (July 2008) Metropolis (Magazine, New York) 28(1): pp. 106–111 Pierre Cabrol,Noland, Carol (November 1, 2009) Los Angeles Times, archived here at WebCite Joseph Clinton, Retrieved December 29, 2010 Peter Floyd, Medard Gabel, Retrieved December 29, 2010 Michael Hays, David Johnston, Retrieved December 29, 2010 Robert Kiyosaki,Kiyosaki, Robert. Rich Dad’s Conspiracy of the Rich: The 8 New Rules of Money, pp. 3–4. Business Plus, 2009. ISBN 978-0-446-55980-5 Peter Pearce, Shoji Sadao, Edwin Schlossberg, Kenneth Snelson,, Whitney Museum of American Art exhibition, Retrieved December 29, 2010 Retrieved December 29, 2010 Robert Anton Wilson Retrieved December 29, 2010 and Stewart Brand. (from minute 22:40) Retrieved August 16, 2012

An allotrope of carbon, fullerene—and a particular molecule of that allotrope C60 (buckminsterfullerene or buckyball) has been named after him. The Buckminsterfullerene molecule, which consists of 60 carbon atoms, very closely resembles a spherical version of Fuller’s geodesic dome. The 1996 Nobel prize in chemistry was given to Kroto, Curl, and Smalley for their discovery of the fullerene.

He is quoted in the lyric of "The Tower Of Babble" in the musical "Godspell:" "Man is a complex of patterns and processes."

On July 12, 2004, the United States Post Office released a new commemorative stamp honoring R. Buckminster Fuller on the 50th anniversary of his patent for the geodesic dome and by the occasion of his 109th birthday.

Fuller was the subject of two documentary films: The World of Buckminster Fuller (1971) and Buckminster Fuller: Thinking Out Loud (1996). Additionally, filmmaker Sam Green and the band Yo La Tengo collaborated on a 2012 "live documentary" about Fuller, The Love Song of R. Buckminster Fuller. Retrieved May 21, 2012

In June 2008, the Whitney Museum of American Art presented "Buckminster Fuller: Starting with the Universe", the most comprehensive retrospective to date of his work and ideas. The exhibition traveled to the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago in 2009. It presented a combination of models, sketches, and other artifacts, representing six decades of the artist’s integrated approach to housing, transportation, communication, and cartography. It also featured the extensive connections with Chicago from his years spent living, teaching, and working in the city.