Avraham Even-Shoshan

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Avraham Even-Shoshan : biography

1906 – 1984

Avraham Even-Shoshan ( 1906–84) was a Russian-born Hebrew linguist and lexicographer, compiler of the Even-Shoshan dictionary, one of the foremost dictionaries of the Hebrew language.

Published works

  • A New Concordance of the Bible: Thesaurus of the Language of the Bible, Hebrew and Aramaic, Roots, Words, Proper Names Phrases and Synonyms (1984)


  • In 1978, Even-Shoshan was awarded the Israel Prize, for language.
  • In 1981, he was the co-recipient (jointly with Zev Vilnay) of the Bialik Prize for Jewish thought.

In 2005, he was voted the 84th-greatest Israeli of all time, in a poll by the Israeli news website Ynet to determine whom the general public considered the 200 Greatest Israelis.


Avraham Rosenstein, later Avraham Even-Shoshan, was born in Minsk, Belarus in 1906. He attended the cheder run by his father, who later sent him to public school and yeshiva.

Rosenstein managed to avoid the British restrictions on Jewish immigration to Mandatory Palestine and settled there in 1925, where he changed his name to Even-Shoshan, a translation of Rosenstein, and initially worked as a laborer. He studied at the College for Hebrew Teachers (now the David Yellin Academic College of Education) in Jerusalem and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

In 1946-58, Even-Shoshan compiled HaMilon HeHadash (New Dictionary of the Hebrew Language), which became known as the Even-Shoshan Dictionary. The completed dictionary consisted of 24,698 main entries. He was also the author of the Even-Shoshan concordance and co-author of the Bialik concordance.

Even-Shoshan died in Tel Aviv, Israel, in 1984.