Arthur Eddington : biography
Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington, OM, FRS (28 December 1882 – 22 November 1944) was a British astrophysicist of the early 20th century. He was also a philosopher of science and a popularizer of science. The Eddington limit, the natural limit to the luminosity of stars, or the radiation generated by accretion onto a compact object, is named in his honor.
He is famous for his work regarding the theory of relativity. Eddington wrote a number of articles which announced and explained Einstein’s theory of general relativity to the English-speaking world. World War I severed many lines of scientific communication and new developments in German science were not well known in England. He also conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity, and he became known for his popular expositions and interpretations of the theory.
His cremated remains were buried in the grave of his mother at the Parish of the Ascension Burial Ground in Cambridge; there is a headstone for him in the burial ground of Yealand Quaker Meeting in Yealand Conyers, Lancashire.
External links and references
- Trinity College Chapel
- A Guide to Churchill College, Cambridge: text by Dr. Mark Goldie, pages 62 and 63 (2009)
- O’Connor, J. J., and E. F. Robertson, "". School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, Scotland.
- Bennett, Clark, " (1882–1944)". Founding Fathers of Relativity.
- Tenn, Joseph S.,"". The Bruce Medalists.
- Clausen, Ben, ", Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (1882–1944)".
- Russell, Henry Norris, " by A.S. Eddington". Ap.J. 67, 83 (1928).
- Durham, Ian T., "Eddington & Uncertainty". Physics in Perspective (September – December). Arxiv, History of Physics.
- project in proceeding in fórum astronomical.
- Lecchini, Stefano, "". Bern Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, pp. 224 (2007).
- Stanley, Matthew. "An Expedition to Heal the Wounds of War: The 1919 Eclipse Expedition and Eddington as Quaker Adventurer." Isis 94 (2003): 57–89.
- Stanley, Matthew. "So Simple a Thing as a Star: Jeans, Eddington, and the Growth of Astrophysical Phenomenology" in British Journal for the History of Science, 2007, 40: 53-82.
- ODNB article by C. W. Kilmister, ‘Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley (1882–1944)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
- , Astrophysical Journal 101 (1943–46) 133
- , Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 39 (1943–46) 1
- , Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 105 (1943–46) 68
- , The Observatory 66 (1943–46) 1
- The Times, Thursday, 23 November 1944; pg. 7; Issue 49998; col D: Obituary (unsigned) – Image of cutting available at
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