Andrei Sakharov


Andrei Sakharov : biography

May 21, 1921 – December 14, 1989

Legacy and remembrance

  • In Moscow, there is Academician Sakharov Avenue, Sakharov Museum, and Sakharov Center.
  • During the 1980s, the block of 16th Street NW between L and M streets, in front of the Soviet embassy, in Washington, D.C. was renamed "Andrei Sakharov Plaza" as a form of protest against his 1980 arrest and detention., Toledo Blade, 27 Aug 1984. Retrieved May 2013
  • In Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, Sakharov Square, located in the heart of the city, is named after him.
  • The Sakharov Gardens (est. 1990) are located at the entrance to Jerusalem, Israel, off the Jerusalem–Tel Aviv Highway.. ( There is also a street named after him in Rishon LeZion.
  • In Nizhny Novgorod, there is a in the apartment on the first floor of the 12-storeyed house where the Sakharov family lived for seven years.
  • In St. Petersburg, his monument stands in Sakharov Square, and there is a Sakharov Park.
  • In 1979, an asteroid – 1979 Sakharov – was named after him.
  • A public square in Vilnius in front of the Press House is named after Sakharov. The square was named on March 16, 1991, as the Press House was still occupied by the Soviet Army.
  • Andreij-Sacharow-Platz in downtown Nuremberg is named in honor of Sakharov.
  • In Belarus International Sakharov Environmental University was named after him.
  • Intersection of Ventura blvd and Laurel Canyon blvd in Studio City, Los Angeles is named Andrei Sakharov Square .
  • In Arnhem, the bridge over the Nederrijn is called the Andrej Sacharovbrug.
  • The Andrej Sacharovweg is a street in Assen, Netherlands. There are also streets named in his honor in Amsterdam, Amstelveen, The Hague, Hellevoetsluis, Leiden, Purmerend, Rotterdam and Utrecht.
  • Quai Andreï Sakharov in Tournai, Belgium is named in honor of Sakharov.
  • in the 1984 made for TV film Sakharov starring Jason Robards
  • In the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation, one of the Enterprise-D’s Shuttlecraft is named after Sakharov, and is featured prominently in several episodes. This follows the Star Trek tradition of naming Shuttlecraft after prominent scientists, and particularly in The Next Generation, physicists.
  • The fictitious interplanetary spacecraft Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov from the novel 2010: Odyssey Two by Arthur C. Clarke is powered by a fictitious Sakharov drive. The novel was published in 1982, when A.D. Sakharov was in exile in Nizhny Novgorod.
  • Italian painter Vinzela has dedicated his artwork "Saharov" to the great personality of human right activist.
  • Russian singer Alexander Gradsky wrote and performed the song "Памяти А. Д. Сахарова" ("In memory of Andrei Sakharov"), which features on his Live In "Russia" 2 (Живем в "России" 2) CD.

Honours and awards

  • Hero of Socialist Labour (three times: August 12, 1953; June 20, 1956; March 7, 1962).
  • Four Orders of Lenin.
  • Lenin Prize (1956).
  • Stalin Prize (1953).

In 1980, Sakharov was stripped of all Soviet awards for "anti-Soviet activities". Later, during glasnost, he declined the return of his awards and, consequently, Mikhail Gorbachev did not sign the necessary decree.

  • Prix mondial Cino Del Duca (1974).
  • Nobel Peace Prize (1975).
  • Grand Cross of Order of the Cross of Vytis (posthumously on January 8, 2003).

Andrei Sakharov Archives and Human Rights Center

The and Human Rights Center, established at Brandeis University in 1993, are now housed at Harvard University. The documents from that archive were published by the Yale University Press in 2005.The KGB File of Andrei Sakharov. (edited by Joshua Rubenstein and Alexander Gribanov), New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005; ISBN 978-0-300-10681-7 These documents are available online., online version with original texts and the English translations in English and in Russian (text version in Windows-1251 character encoding and the pictures of the original pages). Most of documents of the archive are letters from the head of the KGB to the Central Committee about activities of Soviet dissidents and recommendations about the interpretation in newspapers. The letters cover the period from 1968 to 1991 (Brezhnev stagnation). The documents characterize not only the Sakharov’s activity, but that of other dissidents, as well as that of highest-position apparatchiks, and the KGB. No Russian equivalent of the KGB archive is available.