Adnan Pachachi

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Adnan Pachachi : biography

14 May 1923 –

The very next day was the 14 July Revolution led by Abdul Karim Qassim, and the Hashemite monarchy along with Prime Minister of Iraq Nuri as-Said were overthrown. Pachachi was promptly appointed Iraq’s Permanent Representative to the UN in 1959 by the revolutionary regime of Abdul Karim Qassim, during this time Iraq formed a close relationship with the Soviet Union led by Nikita Khrushchev. Under Qassim, Iraq was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement in 1961 and Pachachi met with founding leaders Josep Broz Tito, Kwame Nkrumah, Jawaharlal Nehru, Fidel Castro and Sukarno as a representative of his country. During his time at the United Nations he also met with well known figures such as Patrice Lumumba and Malcolm X. The Qassim regime recognised the People’s Republic of China and Pachachi argued very strongly for their inclusion at the United Nations. Despite the brutal 1963 coup which removed Abdul Karim Qassim from power in Iraq, Pachachi remained the representative at the United Nations.

In the December 1965, Pachachi was presented with a plaque by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) "in recognition and appreciation of his dedication to and distinguished services for Palestine in the United Nations." The PLO was considered by the United States and Israel to be a terrorist organization until the Madrid Conference in 1991 but has enjoyed observer status at the United Nations since 1974. Pachachi was then appointed Foreign Minister of Iraq in 1965 by president Abdul Salam Arif, he has stated the belief that his appointment to this position was at the behest of the Nasser regime in Egypt. Pachachi served as the Foreign Minister of Iraq during the Six-Day War with Israel and on the eve of conflict at the 1345th meeting of the United Nations Security Council on the 31 May 1967, he announced:

"We shall defend ourselves whatever the cost and however long and difficult the struggle may be. We are prepared to use every tool at our disposal. The conflict will be total and uncompromising. The day before I left Baghdad, my government decided to deny our oil resources to any state which takes part in or supports the Israeli aggression against the Arab states. We have invited all other Arab oil-producing and exporting countries to meet with us and co-ordinate our positions. This must prove that our people are prepared to bear any hardship and accept any sacrifice. But there will be no retreat. Make no mistake about that; make no miscalculations. For fifty years we witnessed the Zionist peril steadily advancing. From a mere promise given by a colonial power in time of war, Israel was able to carve for itself a precious part of our homeland, continually threatening and trying to intimidate our people with murderous attacks across the armistice lines which the Arab countries have not crossed once since 1949 but which the Israelis have crossed with their armies twelve times. And now they are not hesitating to threaten to unleash war on us, and maybe on the world, in order to keep their ill gotten gains."

Following the outbreak of war with Israel on June 5, Iraq severed diplomatic relations with the United States, suspended oil shipments, refused to permit U.S. aircraft to overfly Iraq, and announced a boycott of U.S. goods. Pachachi later denounced the ceasefire which ended the Six-Day War, dismissing it as a "complete surrender to Israel." YouTube.com, April 22nd 2011 Pachachi then served as Permanent Representative to the UN for a second time from 1967 to 1969. The Ba’th Party came to power in July 1968, in a coup which Pachachi has claimed was supported by the CIA, in an effort to distance Iraq from Gemal Abdel Nasser. al jazeera, 2010 Pachachi resigned from his post in January 1969 because as he put it "I felt it was morally wrong to represent a regime whose values I don’t share." At the United Nations he was remembered for his rejections of Zionism and his refusal to recognise Kuwait. He then left Iraq in 1971. Al-Ahram Weekly, May 2003

He spent most of the years of Ba’athist rule in exile in Abu Dhabi after leaving Iraq. While in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), he acted as advisor to the Emir, however he lost this position in 1991 when he opposed the UAE’s involvement in the Gulf War. He describes himself as a fervent Arab nationalist, in his memoirs he wrote that he is unable to accept Israel’s existence and that Iraq and Syria should unite into one Arab state. Pachachi publicly opposed the Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 and only renounced his nearly 40-year-old view that Kuwait was part of Iraq in 1999. The New York Sun, February 12th 2003