Winston Churchill : biography
On the 30th of November in 1874 in ducal estate of Marlborough a son of Lord Randolf Spenser-Churchill was born and got a name Winston. Besides the mentioned title the boy’s father was The Chancellor of the Exchequer and a deputy from conservatives in the House of Commons. According to society’s opinion, Winston’s mother who was a very beautiful woman and liked entertainment made an unforgivable step when she decided to go to the ball that was held just on the birthday of her son. To be more exact, in the middle of the ball lady Churchill felt bad. She was led to the next room which was turned into a changing room for ladies – and there on coats and boas of guests she gave birth to Winston.
Winston’s father made a serious political career and mother was too infatuated with social life to pay the child enough attention. Practically since the birth the child spent all the time with a nanny Elizabeth Everest. Her sincere love to the boy made her the closest person for Winston Churchill.
At the age of eight Winston became a student of a preparatory school Saint-George. Negligent students in this school were imposed a corporal punishment and an inveterate discipline’s violator very often got his portion of twig. The nanny regularly visited his favourite and charge and when she found traces of punishment on Winston’s body she complained to Lady Churchill, after that the boy was sent to Brighton private school. But his behaviour wasn’t good there too.
In 1886 Winston Churchill sustained a serious form of pneumonia. Bad health and mediocre progress in studies made parents send him not to the famous Eton but to not so prestigious Harrow. In 1899 Winston was transferred to the “army” class where students learnt military science besides general subjects. Winston’s progress became better and he started to do fencing – in 1892 he became a champion of the school. In 1893 Winston Churchill became a student of the Royal Military College in Sandherst. But actually he managed to enter it only after two attempts. In 1894 Winston finished studying and on the 20th of February of the next year he got a rank of a lieutenant junior grade and was appointed to serve in the Fourth Hussar regiment of Her Royal Highness. In January of this year his father died and in summer his nanny died from peritonitis.
The military career didn’t appeal for Winston and owing to mothers’ efforts in 1895 he went to Cuba as a military correspondent of “Daily Graphic”, but meanwhile he continued to remain on the military service. On the whole five articles with Churchill’s signature were published in the newspaper and two of them were reprinted in “New York Times”. The honorarium for articles was a pleasing addition to military salary for Winston – it was twenty five guineas. But a small scandal happened there. The matter was that the British military correspondent had to be neutral but Spanish government decided to decorate Winston Churchill with the “Read cross” – a very prestigious military medal. In Cuba Winston gained two habits which became a distinctive brand of him for the whole life – an invariable siesta (afternoon rest) and smoking thick Cuban cigars. When Churchill was going to leave Cuba and return to Britain he visited the United States of America.
In autumn of 1896 a military unit where Churchill served went to India, in Bangalore. Churchill spent his spare time irregularly reading and filling in his white spaces in education, besides he was known as a perspective sportsman especially in polo. He displayed conscientiousness to his duties as an officer but the service oppressed him, he travelled a lot around the country and visited England two times. During the neutralization of disorders among Pushto tribes in autumn of 1897 Winston showed an unconditional bravery but his colleagues called this bravery “bravado” because there wasn’t any necessity in such courage. “The Daily Telegraph” published his notes from the front line and when the Malakand campaign finished the Churchill’s book “The Story of the Malakand Field Force” with eight and a half numbers of printed copies was published.
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