William Shakespear : biography
In our fast and practically digital world there are things that won’t lost topicality and will excite our hearts for hundred years – such as artwork. Compositions of a great poet, playwright and actor William Shakespear apply to these permanent values too. He could look in a human’s essence so deeply that some researchers of abnormal and supernatural hastened to announce him to be a space alien or a human who appeared in that time from very distant future. Shakespear’s works are so universal and topical that the most outstanding stages of the world hire actors from different countries to reproduce charm and importance of Shakespear’s poetic plays.
Apart from straightforward announcement of being an alien there are very few known facts about the poet. No diaries or letters left, only some certain messages of his contemporaries allow to make a conclusion that he was a real individual but not a creation of our imagination. There are several Shakespear’s handwritten rough copies but unfortunately they are rated not as a historical value but as a rarity for collectors exclusively in dollars and pounds. It is even believed that elusive Shakespear is not one person but a group of talented actors who signed one name to escape liability. In those days a person at the best could find himself in a prison for some of these works. And remains of information that we have nowadays show us that Shakespear was absolutely real.
According to one of the versions William Shakespear was born on the 23d of April in 1564 in a little English town Stratford which was comfortably situated on the bank of the river Avon. Shakespear’s father didn’t have a big fortune but was a respectable and honest craftsman of the town. Very few facts about Shakespear’s childhood and youth are left. and the known information is so colourful that Shakespear’s biographers consider them to be unlikely or even simply imaginary. But it is absolutely obvious that at the age of twenty Shakespear left his native town and moved to the Capital of England – London.
London is a big city and like other big cities it doesn’t like and appreciate people without money. So Shakespear wasn’t needed in London, and as he didn’t have any high-ranking friends there was no chances to get an official job. There was only one place where Shakespear could earn money – it was the theatre. In fact he didn’t play at the beginning of his career, he simply guarded noble aristocrats’ horses while they were watching performances. But some time later the future playwright began to play little parts and at the same time he had an eye on actors’ behaviour, movements, intonations, he helped to rewrite texts and seldom substitute for a prompter. So Shakespear’s theatre career started at the bottom.
Some years later Shakespear took part in theatre troupe’s work which was later called “The globe”. The troupe became popular in London very fast and its performances succeed among every stratum. Shakespear wasn’t destined to become an actor, and it is good as otherwise we didn’t have an outstanding playwright of his and the next age. Probably his plays are so precise because Shakespear wrote them observing theatre’s work from within, he had first-hand knowledge of dramatics’ foundations. Shakespear surely worked not only on plays. His sonnets surprised his contemporaries and amazed descendants by expression of true human feelings which was deep as an ocean and ponderous as a snow-slip. But Shakespear’s artwork would remain a mystery for Russian people save for great translators which gave us an opportunity to see Shakespear’s works as large as life. Without Lozinskiy, Marshak, Pasternak we would be shamefully ignorant.
Writings plays for Shakespear was not only a method to earn money but the passion of his life – he created “on the big and warm wave” as contemporaries said. Shakespear’s tragedies’ fantastic language is simple and clear, but it has bright colours, depth and huge richness. It only takes referring to such immortal works as “The Comedy of Errors”, “Much Ado About Nothing”, “The Taming of the Shrew”, “Twelfth Night”, “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” to instantly arouse a smile of a competent person. All these comedies legally became the part of world literature fond. They are topical nowadays, but they were written in the 16th century!
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