William Elliot Griffis : biography
William Elliot Griffis (September 17, 1843 – February 5, 1928) was an American orientalist, Congregational minister, lecturer, and prolific author.Brown, John Howard. (1904). The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Boston: The Biographical Society.
Griffis was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of a sea captain and later a coal trader. During the American Civil War, he served three months in the 44th Pennsylvania Volunteers Regiment after Robert E. Lee invaded Pennsylvania in 1863. After the war, he attended Rutgers University at New Brunswick, New Jersey, graduating in 1869. At Rutgers, Griffis was an English and Latin language tutor for Tarō Kusakabe, a young samurai from the province of Echizen (part of modern Fukui).
After a year of travel in Europe, he studied at the seminary of the Dutch Reformed Church in New Brunswick (known today as the New Brunswick Theological Seminary).
Modernizer in Japan
In September 1870 Griffis was invited to Japan by Matsudaira Shungaku, for the purpose of organizing schools along modern lines. In 1871, he was Superintendent of Education in the province of Echizen. The New York Times. February 6, 1928. In recompense, he was provided with a salary of $2,400, a house in Fukui and a horse.
In 1872-74, Griffis taught chemistry and physics at Kaisei Gakkō (the forerunner of Tokyo Imperial University). He prepared the New Japan Series of Reading and Spelling Books, 5 vols. (1872). He also published primers for Japanese students of the English language; and he and contributed to the Japanese press and to newspapers and magazines in the United States numerous papers of importance on Japanese affairs.
Griffis was joined by his sister, Margaret Clark Griffis, who became a teacher at the Tokyo Government Girls' School (later to become the Peeresses' School). By the time they left Japan in 1874, Griffis had befriended many of Japan's future leaders.
Griffis was a member of the Asiatic Society of Japan, the Asiatic Society of Korea, the Historical Society of the Imperial University of Tokyo, and the Meirokusha.
- 1876 -- The Mikado's Empire
- 1880 -- Japanese Fairy World
- 1881 -- Asiatic History; China, Corea, and Japan
- 1882 -- Corea, the Hermit Nation
- 1885 -- Corea, Without and Within
- 1887 -- Matthew Calbraith Perry : A Typical American Naval Officer
- 1889 -- The Lily among Thorns
- 1890 -- Honda the Samurai: A Story of Modern Japan.
- 1891 -- Sir William Johnson and the Six Nations
- 1892 -- Japan in History, Folk-Lore, and Art
- 1894 -- Brave Little Holland and What she Taught us
- 1895 -- The Religions of Japan
- 1895 -- Townsend Harris , First American Envoy in Japan
- 1897 -- Romance of Discovery
- 1898 -- Charles Carlton Coffin: War Correspondent, Traveller, Author and Statesman
- 1898 -- Romance of American Colonization
- 1898 -- The Pilgrims in their Three Homes
- 1898 -- The Student's Motley
- 1899 -- The Romance of Conquest
- 1899 -- The American in Holland
- 1899 -- America in the East
- 1900 -- Verbeck of Japan
- 1900 -- The Pathfinders of the Revolution
- 1901 -- In the Mikado's Service
- 1902 -- A Maker of the New Orient
- 1903 -- Young People's History of Holland
- 1903 -- Sunny Memories of Three Pastorales
- 1904 -- Dux Christus: An Outline Study of Japan
- 1907 -- Japanese Nation in Evolution: Steps in the Progress of a Great People
- 1908 -- The Fire-fly's Lovers and Other Fairy Tales of Old Japan
- 1909 -- The Story of New Netherland
- 1910 -- China's Study in Myth, Legend, Art, and Annuals
- 1911 -- The Unmannerly Tiger and Other Korean Tales
- 1912 -- A Modern Pioneer in Korea: The Life Story Of Henry G. Appenzeller
- 1913 -- Hepburn of Japan
- 1914 -- The House We Live In Architect and Tenant
- 1915 -- The Mikado Institution and Person
- 1915 -- Millard Fillmore : Constructive Statesman, Defender of the Constitution
- 1916 -- Bonnie Scotland and What We Owe Her
- 1918 -- Dutch Fairy Tales
- 1919 -- Belgian Fairy Tales
- 1920 -- Young People's History of the Pilgrims
- 1920 -- Swiss Fairy Tales
- 1921 -- Welsh Fairy Tales
- 1921 -- The Dutch of the Netherlands in the Making of America [reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, Whitefish, Montana, 2007. 10-ISBN 0-548-61147-5; 13-ISBN 978-0-548-61147-0 (paper)]
- 1922 -- Korean Fairy Tales
- 1922 -- Japanese Fairy Tales
- 1923 -- The Story of the Walloons, at Home, in the Lands of Exile and in America
- 1924 -- Proverbs of Japan: A Little Picture of the Japanese Philosophy of Life as Mirrored in Their Proverbs
- 1926 -- The American Flag of Stripes and Stars: Mirror of the Nation's History, Symbol of Brotherhood and World Unity
In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine