Wilhelm Stekel : biography
Wilhelm Stekel (March 18, 1868 – June 25, 1940) was an Austrian physician and psychologist, who became one of Sigmund Freud's earliest followers, and was once described as "Freud's most distinguished pupil."Fritz Wittels, 'Sigmund Freud: His Personality, His Teaching, & His School' (London 1924) p. 17 According to Ernest Jones, "Stekel may be accorded the honour, together with Freud, of having founded the first psycho-analytic society"; while he also described him as "a naturally gifted psychologist with an unusual flair for detecting repressed material."Ernest Jones, The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud (London 1964), p. 312 and p. 402 He later had a falling-out with Freud, who announced in November 1912 that 'Stekel is going his own way'.Peter Gay, Freud: A Life for our Time(London 1989) p. 232 His works are translated and published in many languages.
Stekel committed suicide in London by taking an overdose of Aspirin "to end the pain of his prostate and the diabetic gangrene". He was married twice and left two children. Stekel's autobiography was published posthumously, edited by his former personal assistant Emil Gutheil and his wife Hilda Binder Stekel.Wertham, Frederic (June 11, 1950). He Worked With Freud. New York Times She died in 1969.
A biographical account appeared in The Self-Marginalization of Wilhem Stekel (2007) by Jaap Bos and Leendert Groenendijk, which also includes his correspondence with Sigmund Freud. See also L. Mecacci, Freudian Slips: The Casualties of Psychoanalysis from the Wolf Man to Marilyn Monroe, Vagabond Voices 2009, pp. 101–106.
Born in Boiany, Bukovina, he wrote a book called Auto-erotism: A Psychiatric Study of Onanism and Neurosis, first published in English in 1950. He is also credited with coining the term paraphilia, to replace "perversion."Stekel, Wilhelm (1930), Sexual Aberrations: The Phenomenon of Fetishism in Relation to Sex, translated from the 1922 original German edition by S. Parker. Liveright Publishing. He analysed, among others, the psychoanalysts Otto Gross and A. S. Neill, as well as Freud's first biographer, Fritz Wittels. The latter paid tribute to 'his strange ease in understanding', but commented that 'The trouble with Stekel's analysis was that it almost invariably reached an impasse when the so-called negative transference grew stronger'.Edward Timms ed., 'Freud and the Child Woman: The Memoirs of Fritz Wittels' (London 1995), p. 113 and 115 His autobiography was published in 1950.
In popular culture
- It has also been speculated that Stekel was the analyst after which Italo Svevo modeled the narrator in his famous Confessions of Zeno.
- He is referenced in the episodes 22 and 26 of Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex.
- A quote of his ("The mark of the immature man is that he wants to die nobly for a cause. The mark of the mature man is that he wants to live humbly for one.") is referenced in the novel, The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger.
- Stekel W. (1943). The Interpretation of Dreams: New Developments and Technique. Liveright
- Stekel W., Gutheil E. (1950). The Autobiography of Wilhelm Stekel. Liveright
- Stekel W., Boltz O.H. (1950). Technique of Analytical Psychotherapy. Liveright
- Stekel W., Boltz O.H. (1999 reprint). Conditions of Nervous Anxiety and Their Treatment
- Stekel W., Boltz O.H. (1927). Impotence in the Male: The Psychic Disorders of Sexual Function in the Male. Boni and Liveright
- Stekel W., Van Teslaar J.S. (1929). Peculiarities of Behavior: Wandering Mania, Dipsomania, Cleptomania, Pyromania and Allied Impulsive Disorders. H. Liveright
- Stekel W. (1929). Sadism and Masochism: The Psychology of Hatred and Cruelty. Liveright
- Stekel W. (2003 reprint). Bisexual Love. Fredonia
- Stekel W. (1917). Nietzsche und Wagner, eine sexualpsychologische Studie zur Psychogenese des Freundschaftsgefühles und des Freundschaftsverrates
- Stekel W. (1922). Compulsion and Doubt (Zwang und Zweifel) Liveright
- Stekel W. (1922). The Homosexual Neuroses
- Stekel W. (1911). Die Sprache des Traumes: Eine Darstellung der Symbolik und Deutung des Traumes in ihren Bezeihungen
- Stekel W. (1911). Sexual Root of Kleptomania. J. Am. Inst. Crim. L. & Criminology
- Stekel W. (1961). Auto-erotism: a psychiatric study of masturbation and neurosis. Grove Press
- Stekel W. (1926). Frigidity in women Vol. II. Grove Press
- Stekel W. (1952). Patterns of Psychosexual Infantilism Grove Press Books and Evergreen Books
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