Václav Klaus : biography
Václav Klaus ( born 19 June 1941) is a Czech economist and politician who served as the second President of the Czech Republic from 2003 to 2013. He also served as the second and last Prime Minister of the Czech Republic, federal subject of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, from July 1992 until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in January 1993, and as the first Prime Minister of an independent Czech Republic from 1993 to 1998.
Klaus was the principal co-founder of the Civic Democratic Party, the Czech Republic's largest center-right political party. His presidency was marked by numerous controversies over his strong views on a number of issues, from global climate change to euroscepticism, and a wide-ranging amnesty declared in his last months of office.
After his presidency ended in 2013, Klaus was named a Distinguished Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute.
|Slovakia}}||Order of the White Double Cross||March 2013|
|Austria}}||Grand Star of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria||url = http://www.parlament.gv.at/PAKT/VHG/XXIV/AB/AB_10542/imfname_251156.pdf | title = Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour | language = German | page=1922 | format = pdf | accessdate = November 2012 }}|
|Lithuania}}||Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great||April 2009, Lithuanian Orders searching form|
|Poland}}||Order of the White Eagle||July 2007|
|Russia}}||Medal of Pushkin||December 2007|
|Saxony}}||Saxon Merit Cross||May 2008|
|Spain}}||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic||September 2004|
|Czech Republic}}||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the White Lion||March 7, 2003 - March 7, 2013 (ex officio)|
|Czech Republic}}||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk||March 7, 2003 - March 7, 2013 (ex officio)|
Rise to premiership
Klaus entered the Czechoslovak politics during the Velvet Revolution in 1989, during the second week of the political uprising, when he offered his co-operation as economist to the Civic Forum, whose purpose was to unify the anti-authoritarian forces in Czechoslovakia and to overthrow the Communist regime. Klaus became Czechoslovakia's Minister of Finance in the "government of national unity" on 10 December 1989.
In October 1990, Klaus was elected chairman of the Civic Forum. Klaus was then principal co-founder of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), the Czech Republic's largest center-right political party. In the following period of successful economic growth, he became Prime Minister of the Czech Republic on the grounds of impressive electoral results of his party. He was re-elected as Prime Minister after the 1996 election.
Chairman of ODS
At a congress end of 1997, Klaus was confirmed as chairman of the Civic Democratic Party by 227 out of 312 votes. The defeated faction within the ODS subsequently left the party, and in early 1998 they established a new party named Freedom Union (Unie svobody, US), with President Havel's sympathies.
The ODS lost the early elections in 1998 to the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD). The election results would have allowed each of the two major political parties to create a safe Parliamentarian majority with smaller centrist parties. However, chairman of the Union of Freedom Jan Ruml refused to support the Social Democrats. Subsequently, Klaus negotiated an "Opposition Agreement" (opoziční smlouva) with ČSSD chairman Miloš Zeman, his long-time political adversary, though both also had much mutual respect. During the following legislative period, the ODS tolerated Zeman's minority government in exchange for a share in the control of Parliament positions, including the post of the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies for Klaus himself. The Opposition Agreement led to some public demonstrations, particularly against an attempt to regulate the Czech Television. This, in turn, caused Zeman to announce that he would not stand again for the post of Prime Minister.
In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine