Teófilo Braga bigraphy, stories - Presidents

Teófilo Braga : biography

24 February 1843 - 28 January 1924

Joaquim Teófilo Fernandes Braga ( 24 February 1843 – 28 January 1924) was a Portuguese writer, playwright, politician and the leader of the Republican Provisional Government after the abdication of King Manuel II, as well as the second elected President of the First Portuguese Republic, after the resignation of President Manuel de Arriaga.

Published works

As for his literary career, one can find books by Braga concerning the history of literature, on ethnography (mainly his search for popular stories and traditional songs), poetry, fiction, and philosophy. Braga's body of published work is also connected to historical investigation; while balancing philosophy, linguistics and culture he wrote História da Poesia Popular Portuguesa (English: The History of Popular Portuguese Poetry), História do Teatro Português (English: History of the Portuguese Theatre) and História das Ideias Republicanas em Portugal (English: The History of Republican Ideals in Portugal). One of his most contentious, from a scientific point-of-view, was História do Romantismo em Portugal (English: The History of Romanticism in Portugal), in 1880, although his four-volume História da Universidade de Coimbra (English: History of the University of Coimbra) is still considered important.


  • Visão dos Tempos (1864)
  • Tempestades Sonoras (1864)
  • Torrentes (1869)
  • Miragens Seculares (1884)
  • Poesia do Direito (1865)


  • Contos Fantásticos (1865)
  • Viriato (1904)


  • As Teorias Literárias – Relance sobre o Estado Actual da Literatura Portuguesa (1865)
  • História da Poesia Moderna em Portugal (1869)
  • História da Literatura Portuguese (Introdução) (1870)
  • História do Teatro Português (1870–1871) - 4 volumes
  • Teoria da História da Literatura Portuguesa (1872)
  • Manual da História da Literatura Portuguesa (1875)
  • Bocage, sua Vida e Época (1877)
  • Parnaso Português Moderno (1877)
  • Traços gerais da Filosofia Positiva (1877)
  • História do Romantismo em Portugal (1880)
  • Sistema de Sociologia (1884)
  • Camões e o Sentimento Nacional (1891)
  • História da Universidade de Coimbra (1891–1902) - 4 volumes
  • História da Literatura Portuguesa (1909–1918) - 4 volumes

Anthologies and research

  • Antologias: Cancioneiro Popular (1867)
  • Contos Tradicionais do Povo Português (1883)


Teófilo Braga was born in the Azores, in São José, Ponta Delgada, the son of Joaquim Manuel Fernandes Braga (probably a grandson of one of King D. João V's illegitimate children), from Braga, and Maria José da Câmara e Albuquerque, from the island of Santa Maria, another descendant of Portuguese nobility (probably traced to Infanta D. Urraca, as the genealogist Ferreira Serpa has shown). Teófilo was the 13th descendant of Diogo Gonçalves Travassos, father of D. Pedro and de Violente Velho Cabral, daughter of the Commander of Almourol, Gonçalo Velho, and descendant of Cristovão Falcão, a poet and Count of Avranches. His mother had seven children (Teófilo being the youngest), of which three died during infancy, the others being Luís, João Fernandes and Maria José.Lúcia Costa Melo Simas, 2007 Teófilo's father became a widower when Teófilo was only three years old (his mother died at the age of 31 years). Originally, his father was an artillery lieutenant and commander in Mosteiros, and quit the army after the Concession of Evoramonte, and without means, he established a nautical school and mathematics in Ponta Delgada, eventually finding a job at the local secondary school in Ponta Delgada. Two years later, the older Braga wed a woman (Ricarda Joaquina Marfim Pereira) with a decidedly bad attitude to the young boy,Of his stepmother, Teófilo would recount that his worst experiences of instances when he was kicked by the stepmother for showing her affections, and of a situation where he would take revenge by tying her boot-strings together. Simas (2007) also referred to instances when Téofilo would cry passionately at the grave of his departed mother, promising to be successful and never to succumb to despair. fathering two daughters with Ricarda (Maria da Glória and Maria do Espírito Santo).

Living octopus

Living octopus

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