Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac bigraphy, stories - Religion

Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac : biography

January 9, 1856 - September 28, 1914

Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac ( Serbian Cyrillic: Стеван Стојановић Мокрањац) (9 January 1856 – 28 September 1914) was a Serbian composer and music educator. His work was essential in bringing the spirit of Valach Serbian unwritten folk poems into organized art.

Biography

He was born in Negotin. From the birthplace of his parents he drew the second surname Mokranjac (literally: resident of Mokranje).

He graduated high school in Belgrade and attended the natural science and mathematics section of the University of Belgrade. In 1879, he traveled to Munich where he studied music in the class of Josef Rheinberger. After a brief break, he continued to study in Rome in the class of Parisotti in 1884. When he returned to Serbia in 1884, he briefly became the conductor of the Kornelije Stanković choir of Belgrade.

From 1885 to 1887 he studied music in Leipzig, Germany. Upon his return to Serbia in 1887, he became the conductor of the Belgrade Singing Society (Belgrade Choir). From 1887 to 1900, he taught music at a high school in Belgrade and in 1901 he transferred to Bogoslovija (Belgrade Theological College) where he taught church singing. Together with Stanislav Binički and Cvetko Manojlović, Mokranjac founded the first independent music school in Serbia in 1899 - the Serbian Music School in Belgrade. He remained the director of this school until his death. Today the Mokranjac Music School bears his name. His work as a melograph bore many transcriptions of thus far unwritten folk songs.

Stevan Mokranjac died in Skopje, Serbia (modern-day Macedonia), aged 58.

Every year, the town of Negotin organizes a music festival in his honor called the Mokranjčevi dani (Days of Mokranjac) festival. The town also has a museum dedicated to Mokranjac.

Works

Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac on 50 [[Serbian dinar banknote]] His life was highly influenced by church and folk songs, and he used these two types of music as inspiration for his work. His most famous pieces are the fifteen Rukoveti (Potpourri; literally: "handfuls" or "bunches") - a collection of songs and music (orchestral suites) based on motives of Serbian folk music from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia Proper, Montenegro, Kosovo and Metohija, Macedonia and Bulgaria. His other prominent folk-based works include Primorski napjevi (Coastland tunes), and Kozar.

A significant number of his works were made for church services. Such as the Božanstvena Liturgija Svetog Jovana Zlatoustog (The Divine Liturgy of St. Chrysostom), from which the Heruvimska pesma (Cherubic hymn) is most famous. Another two famous religious pieces are Tebe Boga hvalim (Te Deum) and Veličanije Sv. Savi (Megalynarion to St. Sava).

Other

  • Statija treća
  • Tebe pojem
  • Aliluja (Alleluia after the Cherubikon)
  • Aliluja (Alleluia after the Trisagion)
  • Budi imja Gospodnje
  • Cherubic Hymn (Heruvimska pesma)
  • Dve pesme na veliki petak
  • Akatist
  • Opelo
  • Tebe Boga hvalim
  • Kozar
  • Mnogaja ljeta
  • Molitvami Bogorodici
  • Njest svjat
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