Salman Raduyev : biography
Salman Raduyev (or Raduev; ; February 13, 1967 – December 14, 2002) was a Chechen separatist warlord considered to be one of the most radical and notorious rebel commanders of the period between 1994 and 1999. Arrested in 2000, he died in a Russian penal colony under mysterious circumstances.
During the First Chechen War Raduyev became a field commander for the separatist Chechen forces. He fought in the battle of Grozny and was wounded in March 1995 during an attempt to capture him by the Russian special forces. In October 1995, he became one of the most important of the Chechen field commanders, commanding the 6th Brigade based in the strategically important Gudermessky District and responsible for the Gudermessky, part of the capital Grozny and the town of Argun. On December 14, 1995, Raduyev, along with Sultan Geliskhanov, led a raid on the city of Gudermes.
On January 9, 1996, Raduyev, allegedly copying Shamil Basayev's 1995 Budyonnovsk attack, led a large-scale Kizlyar hostage taking raid into neighbouring Russian region of Dagestan, where his men took hostage at least 2,000 civilians. The raid, which made Raduyev world-famous, escalated into the all-out battle and ended with the complete destruction of the border village of Pervomayskoye, and other Chechen leaders criticised Raduyev., CNN, January 24, 1996 In March 1996, he was shot in the head and incorrectly reported dead;, CNN, March 6, 1996 Russian special forces claimed to have "killed" him in revenge for the Kizlyar attack,, The Independent, Dec 16, 2002 while the other sources said he was shot in a Chechen feud. On March 7, 63 out of 101 deputies of the Parliament of Estonia sent condolences to Dudayev expressing "deep sympathy with the Chechen people" on "the loss of commander Raduyev," sparking a rove with the Russian Duma. In fact, Raduyev just disappeared as he went for medical treatment abroad.
In the summer of 1996, Raduyev returned to the republic and refused the orders of the Chechnya's acting president Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev to stop carrying out terrorist operations (he claimed ordering bombings of trolleybuses in Moscow, The Moscow Times, July 19, 1996 and train stations in Armavir and Pyatigorsk), despite the ceasefire and talks that would lead up to the Khasav-Yurt Accord. He even accused Yandarbiyev of treason for agreeing to ceasfire and threatened to attack him., The Independent, Jul 19, 1996 Raduyev, his face deformed by injury and now hidden behind bushy red beard and black sunglasses, was the only field commander to announce openly that the "war without rules" with Russia would continue even despite the signing of the peace agreement.
In 1997, the newly elected Chechen president Aslan Maskhadov stripped Raduyev from the rank of brigadier general to private. However, further action was blocked by a public opposition from a Raduyev-led war veterans, including a prolonged rally in Grozny. This rally ended in a shootout resulting in the deaths of both the commander of Raduyev's militia Vakha Dzhafarov and of the Chechen security forces chief Lechi Khultygov., Chechen Republic Online Meanwhile, Raduyev kept claiming responsibility for every explosion in Russia, including even official gas leaks. He claimed that Dudayev, who had died in 1996, has been still alive, and issuing orders to him from "a secret NATO base in Turkey" with the goal of the "liberation" of entire North Caucasus. Raduyev's eccentric behaviour was however not widely popular in Chechnya., NUPI, 30.09.1998 Many openly doubted his sanity:, The Independent, Mar 14, 2000 in an interview in 1997, Maskhadov described Raduyev as "mentally ill"; even Basayev, who has been Raduyev's ally in the opposition against Maskhadov, NUPI, 26.10.1998 reportedly called him "crazy". In October 1997, Raduyev was again severely injured by a car bomb which killed three other people. Previously, he survived at least two other assassination attempts, in April and July 1997.
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