Sahajanand Saraswati bigraphy, stories - Indian academic

Sahajanand Saraswati : biography

22 February 1889 - 25 June 1950

Swami Sahajanand Saraswati ( 1889–1950), born in a Bhumihar Brahmin family of Ghazipur of Uttar Pradesh state of India, was an ascetic (Dandi Sanyasi) of Dashnami Order (Dasanami Sannyasi order) of Adi Shankara Sampradaya (a monastic post which only Brahmins can hold) as well as a nationalist and peasant leader of India. Although he was born in Uttar Pradesh (U.P.), his social and political activities centered mostly in Bihar in the initial days, and gradually spread to the rest of India with the formation of All India Kisan Sabha. He had set-up an ashram at Bihta, near Patna and carried out most of his work in the later part of his life from there. He was an intellectual, prolific writer, social reformer and revolutionary.

Ideological works

  1. Kranti aur Samyukta Morcha
  2. Gita Hridaya (Heart of the Gita)
  3. Kisanon ke Dave
  4. Maharudra ka Mahatandav
  5. Kalyan mein chapein lekh

Publications

Autobiographical works

  1. Mera Jeewan Sangharsha (My LIfe Struggle), in Hindi.
  2. Kisan Sabha ke Sansmaran (Recollections of the Kisan Sabha), in Hindi.
  3. Maharudra ka Mahatandav, in Hindi.
  4. Jang aur Rashtriya Azadi
  5. Ab Kya ho?
  6. Gaya jile mein sava maas
  7. Samyukta Kisan Sabha, Samyukta Samajvadi Sabha ke Dastavez.
  8. Kisanon ke Dave
  9. Dhakaich ka bhashan

Works related to peasantry and Zamindars

  1. Kisan kaise ladten hain?
  2. Kisan kya karen?
  3. Zamindaron ka khatma kaise ho?
  4. Kisan ke dost aur dushman
  5. Bihar prantiya kisansabha ka ghoshna patra
  6. Kisanon ki phasane ki taiyariyan
  7. On the other side
  8. Rent reduction in Bihar, How it Works?
  9. Zamindari kyon utha di jaye?
  10. Khet Mazdoor (Agricultural Labourer), in Hindi, written in Hazaribagh Central Jail.
  11. Jharkhand ke kisan
  12. Bhumi vyavastha kaisi ho?
  13. Kisan andolan kyun aur kya?
  14. Gaya ke Kisanon ki Karun Kahani
  15. Ab kya ho?
  16. Congress tab aur ab
  17. Congress ne kisanon ke liye kya kiya?
  18. Maharudra ka Mahatandav
  19. Swamiji ki Diary
  20. Kisan sabha ke dastavez
  21. Swamiji ke patrachar
  22. Lok sangraha mein chapen lekh
  23. Janta mein chapein lekh
  24. Hunkar mein chapein lekh
  25. Vishal Bharat mein chapein lekh
  26. Bagi mein chapein lekh
  27. Bhumihar Brahmin mein chapein lekh
  28. Swamiji ki Bhashan Mala
  29. Krishak mein chapein lekh
  30. Yogi mein chapein lekh
  31. Kisan sevak
  32. Anya lekh
  33. Address of the Chairman, Reception Committee, The All India Anti-Compromise Conference, First Session, Kisan Nagar, Ramgarh, Hazaribagh, 19 & 20 March 1940, Ramgarh, 1940.
  34. Presidential Address, 8th Annual Session of the Kisan Sabha, Bezwada, 1944.

Translations into English

  • Swami Sahajanand and the Peasants of Jharkhand: A View from 1941 translated and edited by Walter Hauser along with the unedited Hindi original (Manohar Publishers, paperback, 2005).
  • Sahajanand on Agricultural Labour and the Rural Poor translated and edited by Walter Hauser Manohar Publishers, paperback, 2005.
  • Religion, Politics, and the Peasants: A Memoir of India's Freedom Movement translated and edited by Walter Hauser Manohar Publishers, hardbound, 2003.

Books

  1. Bhumihar Brahmin Parichay (Introduction to Bhumihar Brahmins), in Hindi.
  2. Jhootha Bhay Mithya Abhiman (False Fear False Pride), in Hindi.
  3. Brahman Kaun?
  4. Brahman Samaj ki Sthiti (Situation of the Brahmin Society) in Hindi.
  5. Brahmarshi Vansha Vistar in Sanskrit, Hindi and English.
  6. Karmakalap, in Sanskrit and Hindi.

Notes

Official recognition

The Government of India issued a commemorative stamp on 26 June 2000.

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research has an award Swamy Sahajanand Saraswati Extension Scientist/ Worker Awardhttp://www.icar.org.in/merits.html instituted in his honour. In 2001, a two-day Kisan Mahapanchayat was organised on the occasion of the 112th birth anniversary of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati.

Bihar Governor R. S. Gavai released a book on the life of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati on his 57th death anniversary in Patna. Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, along with other Bihar leaders celebrated the 119th birth anniversary of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, the architect of the farmers' movement.

Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine