Ruth Simmons bigraphy, stories - American academic

Ruth Simmons : biography

July 3, 1945 -

Simmons holds appointments as a professor in the Departments of Comparative Literature and Africana Studies. In 2002, Newsweek selected her as a Ms. Woman of the Year, while in 2001, Time named her as America's best college president. According to a March 2009 poll by The Brown Daily Herald, Simmons had more than an 80% approval rating among Brown undergraduates. The Brown Daily Herald, March 30, 2009

On September 15, 2011, President Simmons announced that she planned to step down from the Brown presidency at the end of the academic year, June 30, 2012. After a short leave, she plans to continue at Brown as Professor of Comparative Literature and Africana Studies.

Early life and education

née Finding Your Roots with Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Civic activities

Simmons is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and the Council on Foreign Relations. She has served as chair of the Council of Ivy Group Presidents and is an honorary fellow of Selwyn College, Cambridge.

Simmons also serves on the boards of Texas Instruments and Goldman Sachs. She announced in 2007 that she would not seek re-election to the board of directors of Pfizer after serving on the board for 10 years. Ross Frazier, The Brown Daily Herald, April 4, 2007.

The White House

In February 2010, Simmons received a BET Honors award for her service as president of Brown University. She accepted the Honor along with other nominees, including Sean Combs, Queen Latifah, and music legend Whitney Houston at a ceremony in Washington, D.C.

In 2010, she was awarded the Ellis Island Medal of Honor for her many humanitarian efforts.

Honoris Causa degrees

  • Amherst College
  • Bard College
  • Boston University
  • Brown University
  • Columbia University
  • Dartmouth College
  • Dillard University
  • Ewha Womans University
  • George Washington University
  • Harvard University
  • University of Houston
  • Howard University
  • Lake Forest College
  • University of Massachusetts Amherst
  • Morehouse College
  • Mount Holyoke College
  • New York University
  • Northeastern University
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Princeton University
  • Providence College
  • Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
  • Rhode Island School of Design
  • University of Rochester
  • Spelman College
  • University of Southern California
  • University of Toronto
  • Tougaloo College
  • Union College
  • University of Vermont
  • Washington University in St. Louis
  • Wesleyan University

Smith College presidency

In 1995 Simmons became the first African-American woman to head a major college or university when she was selected as president of Smith College, which she led until 2001. As president of Smith College, Simmons started the engineering program.

Goldman Sachs

Ruth Simmons' salary of over $300,000 at Goldman Sachs during the time of the late-2000s financial crisis was cited in Inside Job (2010), which won the Academy Award, as an example of conflicts of interest between institutions of higher learning impartiality in economics departments due to her position of President of Brown University.Inside Job, Charles Ferguson, 2010.

Brown University presidency

Ruth Simmons became president of Brown in 2001. At Brown, she completed an ambitious $1.4 billion initiative - the largest in Brown's history - known as Boldly Brown: The Campaign for Academic Enrichment in order to enhance Brown’s academic programs. In 2005, President Simmons earned enough confidence in her leadership of Brown to motivate philanthropist and former Brown student Sidney E. Frank to make the largest aggregate monetary contribution to Brown in its entire history in the amount of $120 million. The Frank gift was principally devoted to scholarship assistance to Brown students and to Brown's programs in the sciences. By early 2007, President Simmons had earned the confidence of philanthropist Warren Alpert who made a similarly generous contribution to strengthen the programs of The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University in the amount of $100 million, matching the core portion of the Sidney Frank gift to Brown. As reported in a May 22, 2009, press release, Brown chancellor Thomas J. Tisch announced early accomplishment of the $1.4 billion fundraising campaign and the continued pursuit of specific subsidiary goals in support of endowments for student scholarships, the Brown faculty and internationalization programs through the originally planned campaign completion date of December 31, 2010. Press Release from Brown University, May 22, 2009.

Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine