Roman Rybarski bigraphy, stories - Polish economist and politician

Roman Rybarski : biography

03 July 1887 - 06 March 1942

Roman Franciszek Rybarski (July 3, 1887 in Zator - March 6, 1942 in Auschwitz) was a Polish economist and politician. He was the foremost economist of the right-wing National Democracy political camp and creator of its economic program.Wapiński 1980, 259.

Rybarski studied at the Law School of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków from 1906 to 1911. During the studies, he was a member of the secret Association of the Polish Youth "Zet". In 1910 he joined the National League, a secret Polish right-wing organization. Rybarski was professor at the Jagiellonian University from 1917 until 1920, from 1921 until 1923 at the Warsaw University of Technology and from 1924 at the Warsaw University.

In 1919 he took part in the Paris Peace Conference as an economic expert of the Polish delegation.Marszał 2007, 22. Rybarski was one of the leading persons in the Camp of Great Poland. In 1928 he co-founded the National Party. From 1928 until 1935 he was a member of the Sejm, where he was one of the leading figures of the party. As one of the foremost persons in the "old faction" of the National Democracy, Rybarski advocated the parliamentary democracy.

After the German invasion of Poland in 1939, Rybarski worked in the Polish underground, being in the Political Council of the Service for Poland's Victory. He held several other positions in the Polish underground state during World War II. On 17 May 1941 he was arrested by Nazi German authorities and incarcerated in the Pawiak prison. He was later transferred to the Nazi German Auschwitz concentration camp and eventually executed there for organizing the resistance movement in the camp.

In the economic thought, Rybarski was a fierce supporter of laissez-faire economy. He advocated the need of the stability of economy-related laws, low taxes and integrity of the private property. Compulsory social security, monopolies and concessions were not desirable, according to his view. __NOTOC__

Footnotes

Works

  • Idea gospodarstwa narodowego (1919)
  • System ekonomii politycznej (t. 1-3 1924-39)
  • Naród, jednostka, klasa (1926)
  • Polityka i gospodarstwo (1927)
  • Handel i polityka handlowa Polski w XVI stuleciu (t. 1-2 1928-29)
  • Przyszłość gospodarcza świata (1932)
  • Przyszłość gospodarcza Polski (1933)
  • Podstawy narodowego programu gospodarczego (1934)
  • Siła i prawo (1936)
  • Skarbowość Polski w dobie rozbiorów (1937)
  • Program gospodarczy (1937)
  • Idee przewodnie gospodarstwa Polski (1939)
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