Robert Williams Wood : biography
Robert Williams Wood was born on the 2nd of May in 1868 in Concord, Massachusetts in USA. In 1891 he finished Harvard University. Early in life he travelled along the Trans-Siberian Railroad, he visited Russia, Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod fair.
In 1897 he started to work in Wisconsin University where he taught for four years. Since 1901 Wood started to teach in University of George Hopkins in Baltimore where he worked till 1938. He made an active study in the field of physics. His scientific interests amounted in studies in optical physics. In this field Wood made considerable scientific contribution. In 1902 he discovered and researched optical resonance, then he studied resonant emanation of mercury’s vapour in ultraviolet.
In addition Wood made many discoveries which influenced on history of physics and astrophysics: a vitreous heliofilter which passed ultraviolet rays and didn’t pass ordinary rays, a telescope with a parabolic mercury mirror, a famous “Wood’s light” which radiated in ultraviolet range. For his services in fields of physics and optics he received several awards, among them – the medal of the Royal Society of Arts, the medal of American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the medal of Italian scientific society and other awards.
In 1915 Wood with Arthur Train wrote a science fiction novel under the name “The Man Who Rocked the Earth”. In 1928 he proved the effect of combinational dispersion of light. Wood’s researches have a very big importance for the theory of atomic and molecular spectrums.
In 1930 Wood became a foreign member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, besides he was a member of many scientific societies and the National Academy of Sciences. In 1934 Robert Wood was elected to be a vice-president of the American Physic society, a in a year he became a president. Wood died on the 11th of August in 1955.
In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine