Robert T. Frederick bigraphy, stories - Recipient of the Purple Heart medal

Robert T. Frederick : biography

March 14, 1907 - November 29, 1970

Robert Tryon Frederick (March 14, 1907 - November 29, 1970) was a highly decorated American combat commander during World War II, who commanded the 1st Special Service Force, the 1st Airborne Task Force and the 45th Infantry Division.


References and further reading

  • Burhans, Robert D., The First Special Service Force: A Canadian/American Wartime Alliance: The Devil's Brigade (Washington: Infantry Journal Press Inc. 1947)
  • Cottingham, Peter Layton Once Upon a Wartime: A Canadian Who Survived the Devil's Brigade (P.L. Cottingham, Manitoba Canada, 1996)
  • Hicks, Anne. "The Last Fighting General: The Biography of Robert Tryon Frederick" (Schiffer Pub Ltd, 2006) ISBN 0-7643-2430-6.
  • Ross, Robert Todd, The Supercommandos First Special Service Force, 1942-1942, An Illustrated History (Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd. 2000).
  • Springer, Joseph, The Black Devil Brigade: The True Story of the First Special Service Force, (Pacifica Military History, 2001).
  • Werner, Brett. "First Special Service Force 1942 - 44" (Osprey Publishing, 2006) ISBN 1-84176-968-1.
  • Wickham, Kenneth. "An Adjutant General Remembers" (Adjutant General's Corps Regimental Association, 1991).
  • Wood, James. “‘Matters Canadian’ and the Problem with Being Special: Robert T. Frederick on the First Special Service Force.” Canadian Military History 12, no. 4 (Autumn 2003): 17-33.
  • Wood, James A. We Move Only Forward: Canada, the United States, and the First Special Service Force, 1942-1944 (St. Catharines, ON: Vanwell Publishing, 2006).

Category:United States Army generals Category:United States Military Academy alumni Category:Recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross (United States) Category:Recipients of the Distinguished Service Medal (United States) Category:Recipients of the Silver Star Category:Recipients of the Legion of Merit Category:Recipients of the Bronze Star Medal Category:Recipients of the Purple Heart medal Category:Companions of the Distinguished Service Order Category:American military personnel of World War II Category:Recipients of the Croix de Guerre (France) Category:Recipients of the Air Medal Category:United States Army Command and General Staff College alumni Category:Officiers of the Légion d'honneur Category:Grand Officers of the Order of Saint-Charles Category:Recipients of King Haakon VII's Medal of Liberty Category:1907 births Category:1970 deaths

Decorations and awards

First Distinguished Service Cross citation

His official first Distinguished Service Cross citation reads:

General Orders: Headquarters, Fifth U.S. Army, General Orders No. 102 (1944)
Action Date: January 10–13, 1944
Name: Robert Tryon Frederick
Service: Army
Rank: Brigadier General
Company: Commanding Officer
Division: 1st Special Service Force
Citation: The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Brigadier General Robert Tryon Frederick (ASN: 0-17196), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy as Commander of the 1st Special Service Force, in action against enemy forces during the period 10 January to 13 January 1944, near Mount Vischiataro, Italy. While commanding his own organization and an attached task force, Brigadier General Frederick made a personal reconnaissance to determine hostile positions prior to an attack. Far in advance of the foremost elements of his command, under enemy machine gun, mortar and artillery fire, he probed enemy defenses and selected a covered route of approach for his troops. While leading his men against the enemy, he continued his reconnaissance in advance of his forward troops to obtain information from which to plan the development of the attack. Operating in terrain almost devoid of cover and concealment, he organized a surprise attack that quickly drove the enemy from a strategically important position. Brigadier General Frederick's constant presence under enemy fire forward of his own troops proved an inspiration to them and a decisive factor in the accomplishment of his mission. His heroism, aggressiveness, and tactical skill exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.
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