Richard T. Ely : biography
Richard Theodore Ely (1854–1943) was an American economist, author, and leader of the Progressive movement who called for more government intervention in order to reform what they perceived as the injustices of capitalism, especially regarding factory conditions, compulsory education, child labor, and labor unions. Ely is best remembered as a founder and the first Secretary of the American Economic Association, as a founder and secretary of the Christian Social Union, and as the author of a series of widely-read books on the organized labor movement, socialism, and other social questions.
- New York: Harper & Brothers, 1883.
- (contributor) Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University, 1884.
- Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University, 1885.
- New York: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., 1886.
- New York: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., 1888.
- Problems of To-day. (1888)
- Introduction to Political Economy. (1889)
- Albany: State University of New York, 1893.
- (1894) Reissued as The Strength and Weakness of Socialism.
- Socialism and Social Reform. (1894)
- The Social Law of Service. (1896)
- New York: Macmillan, 1900.
- The Coming City. (1902)
- Studies in the Evolution of Industrial Society. (1903)
- With G.R. Wicker. New York: Macmillan, 1904.
- With T. S. Adams, Max Otto Lorenz, and Allyn Abbott Young. (1908)
- Studies in the Evolution of Industrial Society. (1903; new edition, 1913)
- Property and Contract in their Relation to the Distribution of Wealth. In two volumes: and . New York: Macmillan, 1914.
- Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1918.
- Elements of Land Economics. (co-author) (1926)
- Hard Times: The Way In and the Way Out. (1931)
- The Great Change. (co-author) (1935)
- Ground Under Our Feet. (1938)
- Land Economics. With G.S. Wehrwein. (1940)
Ely was born April 13, 1854, in Ripley, New York, the eldest of three children of Ezra Sterling Ely and the former Harriet Gardner Mason. His parents were Presbyterian but Ely transferred his affiliation to the Episcopal Church when in college.
Education and career
Ely attended Columbia University in New York City, from which he received a Bachelor's degree in 1876 and a Master's degree in 1879. He received a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Heidelberg in that same year.Francis X. Gannon, Biographical Dictionary of the Left: Volume IV. Boston: Western Islands, 1973; pg. 355. He later received a Doctorate of Laws from Hobart College, receiving the degree in 1892.
Ely was a professor and head of the Department of Political Economy at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland from 1881 to 1892.Gannon, Biographical Dictionary of the Left: Volume IV, pg. 356.
In 1885, Ely was a founder of the American Economic Association, serving until 1892 as the group's Secretary. He later served a term as President of the organization, holding that position from 1899 to 1901. AEA still entitles the keynote address at its annual meeting the Richard T. Ely Lecture and recently honored him in the association's annual Economists' Calendar.Thies, Clifford F., and Ryan Daza. "Richard T. Ely: The Confederate Flag of the AEA?", Econ Journal Watch 8(2):147-156, May 2011. Ely also founded in 1930. Its purposes included the encouragement of the study of land economics in universities; the promotion of a closer affiliation between its members and the professional world of land economics; and the furtherance of the highest ideals of scholarship and honesty in business and the universities. Richard T. Ely is known as the "Father of Land Economics."
In April 1891, Ely was a founder and the first Secretary of the Christian Social Union, a membership organization advocating the application of Christian principles to the social problems of the world.Gannon, Biographical Dictionary of the Left: Volume IV. Boston: Western Islands, 1973; pg. 359.
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