Ralph Erskine (architect) bigraphy, stories - Architect

Ralph Erskine (architect) : biography

24 February 1914 - 16 March 2005
see also Ralph Erskine for others with the same name

Ralph Erskine, CBRE, RFS, ARIBA (24 February 1914 – 16 March 2005) was an architect and planner who lived and worked in Sweden for most of his life.

Education

During the 1930s, Erskine studied architecture for five years at the Regent Street Polytechnic, London under the direction of Thornton White. At the time, White’s curriculum required the study of classical architecture before students were free to follow their own ideas. One of his fellow students was Gordon Cullen who would become a well-known architectural illustrator, urban designer and theorist. Cullen advocated the improvement of urban settlements through an understanding and analysis of their picturesque qualities. This approach was profoundly influential on Erskine, who insisted in his work that the context and landscaping of his buildings be carefully integrated.

Career

After qualifying as an architect Erskine began work with the design team for Welwyn Garden City under the leadership of Louis de Soissons. He studied town planning and this interest broadened his approach to architecture, in particular about how buildings related physically and socially to their setting.

Before the outbreak of World War II, Erskine traveled to Sweden. He was attracted there partly by his admiration for the work of the Functionalist Swedish architects Gunnar Asplund, Sven Markelius and Sigurd Lewerentz and partly by the country's adoption of the social welfare model. In Sweden the political will was reflected in the national architecture and these two factors coincided with his own humanist beliefs. He would go on to make an important contribution to the architectural landscape of both his adopted country and to that of England.

In Sweden, England and Canada, he was responsible for the design of numerous innovative buildings reflecting his particular ideology. They include:

  • Gyttorp, Nora Municipality, Sweden, 1945 to 1955, housing project for a factory town.
  • The Brittgården residential area at Tibro, Sweden, 1956 to 1959
  • Svappavaara, Kiruna Municipality, Sweden, 1962, housing project for a copper mine above the Arctic Circle (this project influenced the design of the northern town of Fermont, Quebec).
  • Clare Hall, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, 1969.
  • Resolute, Nunavut
  • Eaglestone grid square, at Milton Keynes, from 1972 to 1976.
  • The Byker redevelopment, at Newcastle upon Tyne, from 1973 to 1978.
  • The Nya Bruket area in Sandviken, Sweden, 1973 to 1978.
  • The Stockholm University Library (opened in 1983), as well as several other buildings on the university campus.
  • Ekerö centrum (Tappström) in Ekerö Municipality outside Stockholm, 1983 to 1989.
  • The Vasaterminalen bus terminal in Stockholm, together with Bengt Ahlqvist and Anders Tengbom
  • The London Ark, Hammersmith, London, 1990.
  • Greenwich Millennium Village, London, from 2000 to 2005.

Erskine was best known in Great Britain for his Byker Wall housing scheme in Newcastle upon Tyne and, The London Ark, a commercial project in Hammersmith, London. However, it was his achievement in designing the winning scheme in a 1997 competition to develop the Millennium Community at Greenwich (Greenwich Millennium Village), London that brought his work to widespread attention of his compatriot Britons. This recognition came late in a productive, long and important career.

Personal

He met his wife Ruth at the Quaker school in Saffron Walden in the early 1930s. They were married in Stockholm in 1939 and had four children. Ruth died in 1988. He is survived by his children: Jane Kristina, Karin Elizabeth, Patrick Jon and Suzanne.

Death and legacy

On his death in 2005, Councillor Peter Arnold, leader of Newcastle City Council said of Erskine that he “was one of the twentieth century’s greatest architects and in Newcastle's Byker estate he gave the city one of Europe's finest post Second World War new housing communities. His approach was so different from everything happening around that time as he put the focus on social regeneration and the interests of local people, rather than just bricks and mortar. He built Byker Wall Estate around the community. Local people were fully involved in the design and rather than clearing properties and moving people elsewhere, the community was able to remain together.”

Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine