Princess Margaret of Prussia : biography
|- | |}
Princess Margaret of Prussia (Margarete Beatrice Feodora) (22 April 1872 – 22 January 1954) was a daughter of Frederick III, German Emperor and Victoria, Princess Royal. She married Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse. In 1926 they became Landgrave and Landgravine of Hesse. She lost three sons in both World Wars I and II.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 22 April 1872 – 25 January 1893: Her Royal Highness Princess Margaret of Prussia
- 25 January 1893 – 15 March 1925: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Princess of Hesse
- 9 October 1918 – 14 December 1918: Her Majesty The Queen of Finland and Karelia, Duchess of Åland, Grand Duchess of Lapland, Lady of Kaleva and the North
- 15 March 1925 – 28 May 1940: Her Royal Highness The Landgravine of Hesse
- 28 May 1940 – 22 January 1954: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Landgravine of Hesse
- Dame of the Order of Louise
Margaret's elder sons, Friedrich Wilhelm and Maximilian, were killed in action during World War I. Prince Maximilian, Princess Margaret's second and favorite son, was serving near Aisne when he was seriously wounded by machine gun fire in October 1914.Petropoulos,Royals and the Reich , p. 43 He died soon afterward and his body was secretly buried in the village of Caestre by the local people, who learned he was the Kaiser's nephew. The priest refused to identify the grave until the Germans had left Belgium and a compensation was paid. Max's younger brother Wolfgang appealed for help to the British authorities, and eventually, after an enquiry was made, Maximilian's body was returned to his family. Princess Margaret's oldest son, Friedrich Wilhelm died on 12 September 1916 at Kara Orman in Romania. He was killed in close fighting; his throat was slit by an enemy bayonet.Petropoulos,Royals and the Reich , p.44
Two other sons, Philipp and Christoph, embraced Nazism, hoping that Hitler would one day restore the German monarchy. Philipp married Princess Mafalda, daughter of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy.Petropoulos,Royals and the Reich , p. 75 Due to his close relations with the King of Italy, Philipp was appointed in 1939 to Hitler's personal staff, since he could be a useful channel of communications between Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. When he realised the reality of Nazism, he tried to resign, but he was not able to do so. He used his position and his money to provide passports for Jews and help them to escape to the Netherlands. Publicly, he continued with his duties and occasionally he made private missions in Italy for Hitler. When Italy capitulated, he personally informed Hitler. Hitler's revenge recoiled on Philipp, who was imprisoned in a concentration camp for political prisoners. Mafalda was taken to Buchenwald, where she died of a haemorrhage caused by the amputation of her arm, which had been mangled in a bombing raid on the camp.Petropoulos,Royals and the Reich , p. 303
Landgravine Margaret's fifth son, Christoph, was a staunch supporter of the German war effort, but after the Battle of Stalingrad, he became frustrated by the limitations placed on his own role in the conflict, and increasingly critical of the German leadership.Petropoulos ,Royals and the Reich , p. 307 The Nazi regime turned against his family and he was planning to leave the Nazi party when, in 1943, he died in a plane crash.Petropoulos,Royals and the Reich , p. 308 He was married to Princess Sophie of Greece, a sister of Prince Philip, Queen Elizabeth II's husband.
Landgravine Margaret also lost another one of her daughters-in-law during the war. Wolfgang's wife, Princess Marie Alexandra, when she and seven other women who were aid workers were killed in a bomb attack on Frankfurt on 29–30 January 1944.Petropoulos,Royals and the Reich , p. 317 The cellar in which they had taken refuge collapsed under the weight of the building, rendering Marie Alexandra's body barely recognisable.Petropoulos,Royals and the Reich , p. 318
In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine