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Pope Marinus II : biography

- 946

Pope Marinus II (or Martin III; , ; died May 946), was the head of the Catholic Church from 30 October 942 to his death in 946.

Marinus/Martinus error

Because of the similarity of the names Marinus and Martinus, Popes Marinus I and Marinus II were, in some sources, mistakenly given the name Martinus (and were then listed respectively as Martinus II and Martinus III). Thus, when the new Pope in 1281 took the name Martin, he became Pope Martin IV.

Notes

  • 9th edition (1880s) of the Encyclopædia Britannica

Pontificate

Marinus was born in Rome, and prior to becoming pope he was attached to the Church of Saint Cyriacus in the Baths of Diocletian. He was said to have encountered St. Ulrich on his visit to Rome in 909, and reportedly predicted Ulrich’s eventual appointment as Bishop of Augsburg after the devastation of the Hungarian invasion.Mann, pgs. 218-219

Marinus was elevated to the papacy on 30 October 942 through intervention of Alberic II of Spoleto, Prince of the Romans, and concentrated on administrative aspects of the papacy,Imma Penn, Dogma Evolution and Papal Fallacies, (AuthorHouse, 2007), 207. and sought to reform both the secular and regular clergy. He extended the appointment of Frederick, Archbishop of Mainz as Papal Vicar and Missus dominicus throughout Germany and Francia.Mann, pg. 219 Marinus later intervened when the Bishop of Capua seized without authorization a church which had been given to the local Benedictine monks.DeCormenin, Louis Marie; Gihon, James L., A Complete History of the Popes of Rome, from Saint Peter, the First Bishop to Pius the Ninth (1857), pgs. 290-291 In fact, throughout his pontificate, Marinus favoured various monasteries, issuing a number of Papal bulls in their favour.Mann, pg. 221

Marinus occupied the palace built by Pope John VII atop the Palatine Hill in the ruins of the Domus Gaiana.Mann, pg. 222 He died in May 946 and was succeeded by Agapetus II.Mann, pg. 223

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