Phillip E. Johnson bigraphy, stories - American Law clerk

Phillip E. Johnson : biography

June 18, 1940 -

Phillip E. Johnson (born June 18, 1940) is a retired UC Berkeley law professor and author. He became a born-again Christian while a tenured professor and is considered the father of the intelligent design movement. A critic of what he calls "Darwinism" and "scientific materialism", Johnson rejects evolution in favor of neocreationist views known as intelligent design. He was a co-founder of the Discovery Institute's Center for Science and Culture (CSC) and is credited with establishing the wedge strategy, which aims to change public opinion and scientific consensus, and seeks to convince the scientific community to allow a role for God in scientific theory. As a member of the group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV-AIDS Hypothesis, a prominent AIDS denialist group, Johnson has written that HIV does not cause AIDS.. The scientific community considers Johnson's opinions on evolution and AIDS to be pseudoscience.


Johnson was born in Aurora, Illinois in 1940. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in English literature, from Harvard University in 1961. He studied law at the University of Chicago, graduating top of his class. He served as a law clerk for the Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court Earl Warren and Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court Roger Traynor. Johnson became a member of the California Bar in January 1966. He is an emeritus professor of law at Boalt School of Law at the University of California, Berkeley, where he served on the active faculty from 1967 to 2000. Johnson has served as deputy district attorney and has held visiting professorships at Emory University and at University College, London.

Johnson became a born-again Christian following a divorce,, Barbara Forrest. Chapter 1, Intelligent Design Creationism and Its Critics, MIT Press, 2001 and later became an elder in the Presbyterian Church (USA)., An Interview with Phillip E. Johnson, Access Research Network Johnson recounts that on sabbatical in England he sought, through prayer, inspiration for what he should do with the rest of his life, and then received an epiphany after he read Richard Dawkins' The Blind Watchmaker and Michael Denton's Evolution: A Theory in Crisis. Johnson later said, "Something about the Darwinists' rhetorical style, made me think they had something to hide." Despite having no formal background in biology, he has become a prominent critic of evolutionary theory.

Johnson popularized the term "intelligent design" in his 1991 book, Darwin on Trial. He remains one of the best known advocates for intelligent design, and is considered the founder of the Intelligent Design Movement. He is a critic of methodological naturalism, the basic principle of science that restricts it to the investigation of natural causes for observable phenomena, and espouses a philosophy he has coined theistic realism., Phillip E. Johnson, Access Research Network He is the author of several books on intelligent design, science, philosophy, and religion, as well as textbooks on criminal law. He has appeared on various programs such as PBS's Firing Line Hoover Institute, December 19, 1997 and NOVA's Judgement Day: Intelligent Design on Trial.

Since 2001, Johnson has suffered a series of minor right brain strokes. His rehabilitations have limited his public activities and participation in the debate on intelligent design, because of both their physical effects and Johnson's belief that they were signs from God urging him to spend more time with his faith and family and less in "prideful debate". - Volume 7, 2004 In 2004 he was awarded the inaugural "Phillip E. Johnson Award for Liberty and Truth" by Biola University, a private evangelical Christian college noted for its promotion of intelligent design., Biola University Johnson has two children and lives with his wife in Berkeley, California.

Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine