Peter Glaser : biography
Peter Edward Glaser (born September 5, 1923) is an American scientist and aerospace engineer. He served as Vice President, Advanced Technology (1985-'94), was employed at Arthur D. Little, Inc., Cambridge, MA (1955-'94); subsequently he served as a consultant to the company (1994–2005). He was president of Power from Space Consultants (1994–2005). Glaser retired in 2005.Who's Who in America 2006 (60th ed.), vol. 1, p.1714. ISBN 0-8379-6991-3.
Glaser was awarded the Carl F. Kayan Medal in 1974 by Columbia University for contributions to the field of engineering. Glaser received the Farrington Daniels Award Conduct SEARCH for "Farrington Daniels Award" on this site. There is no direct link to the page. from the International Solar Energy Society in 1983. In 1993 the International Astronautical Federation established the Peter Glaser Plenary Lecture to be given at the Annual Congresses. He was inducted into the Space Technology Hall of Fame of the Space Foundation in 1996.
Peter Glaser was born in (ŽatecSee Žatec in Czech.) Czechoslovakia to Hugo and Helen (Weiss) Glaser. Peter Edward Glaser was named, in his middle name, after his great-uncle Eduard Glaser,See Eduard Glaser in German. the 19th-century explorer of southern Arabia, including Sheba. Glaser immigrated into the United States of America in 1948; he was naturalized as a U.S. citizen in 1954. He married Eva F. Graf on October 16, 1955.
Glaser earned a diploma from Leeds College of Technology in 1943, a diploma from Charles University in Prague in 1947, and the degrees of Master of Science and of Doctor of Philosophy from Columbia University in 1951 and 1955 respectively.
During World War II, Glaser served in the Free Czechoslovak Army. He received a commendation from President Edvard Beneš for personal bravery.
Glaser's avocation is the archaeology of southern Arabia. Glaser is the owner of Eduard Glaser's personal collection of Arabian artifacts. This collection is, however, in the physical possession of the government of the Czech Republic, which has refused to restore it to Glaser. The collection consists of 99 items,Reich, Howard (July 14, 2002), "U.S. Joins Fight over Looted Art," Chicago Tribune, Chicagoland Final Ed., sect. NEWS, Zone C, p. 1. including ceremonial daggers, hand-carved water vessels, a stone lantern from the palace of the Queen of Sheba, antique vases, porcelain and ceramic objets d'art, and hand-woven textiles. Glaser testified before the Helsinki Commission about the Czech government's resistance to restoring personal property which that government holds.
Glaser's areas of professional activity have included solar and arc imaging furnaces, high temperature research, solar power satellites, solar heating and cooling, photovoltaic conversion, rural electrification systems using renewable resources, lunar surface missions, commercial space power, remote sensing, extra-vehicular activity on the moon, launch site selection, space station habitation module appliances, advanced space transportation devices, space-based sensor systems to identify carbon dioxide-induced climate changes, space station portable contamination detectors, spacesuit gloves and boot soles, extravehicular dust protection, power relay satellite, high-altitude long-endurance aircraft using wireless power transmission.American Men & Women of Science 1995-96 (19th ed.), Vol. 3, p. 187 ISBN 0-8352-3466-5.
Glaser headed the Design Department of Werner Textile Consultants (1949-'53). After his graduate studies Glaser spent his entire full-time professional career with Arthur D. Little, Inc. Glaser's professional papers, and some of his personal papers, (32 cubic feet in 96 boxes) are on deposit with Massachusetts Institute of Technology Library Archives..
He was project manager for the Apollo 11 Lunar Ranging Retroreflector Array installed on the lunar surface of July 20, 1969, and two other arrays installed on subsequent missions — the only science experiments still in operation on the moon. He also was responsible for the Lunar Heat Flow Probes and the Lunar Gravimeter which were operational during the Apollo program, and the Initial Blood Storage Experiment flown on the Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-61-C) in January 1986, to explore gravitational effects on human blood cells. In 1968 he presented the concept for, and in 1973 was granted the U.S. patent on, the Solar Power Satellite to supply power from space for use on the Earth.
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