Paul Wolfowitz bigraphy, stories - 10th President of the World Bank, Deputy Secretary of Defense in the administration of President George W. Bush

Paul Wolfowitz : biography

December 22, 1943 -

Paul Dundes Wolfowitz (born December 22, 1943) is a former United States Ambassador to Indonesia, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense, President of the World Bank, and former dean of the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. He is currently a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, working on issues of international economic development, Africa and public-private partnerships,Zachary A. Goldfarb, , online posting, The New Yorker, July 3, 2007, accessed July 3, 2007. and chairman of the US-Taiwan Business Council.US-Taiwan Business Council (2008). . Retrieved December 7, 2008.

He is a leading neoconservative. As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."Peter J. Boyer, , online posting, The New Yorker, November 1, 2004, accessed June 20, 2007 (7 pages). In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork." Donald Rumsfeld in his interview with Fox News on February 8, 2011 said that Wolfowitz was the first to bring up Iraq after the 9/11 attacks during a meeting at the presidential retreat at Camp David.

After serving two years, he resigned as president of the World Bank Group due to scandals described by a Reuters report as "a protracted battle over his stewardship, prompted by his involvement in a high-paying promotion for his companion.", World Bank Group, May 17, 2007, accessed May 17, 2007.Matthew Jones, , Reuters (UK), May 18, 2007, accessed May 18, 2007.



Controversies relating to Wolfowitz's Presidency of the World Bank

Wolfowitz's relationship with Shaha Riza

After President George W. Bush's nominated Wolfowitz as president of the World Bank, journalists reported that Wolfowitz was involved in a relationship with World Bank Senior Communications Officer (and Acting Manager of External Affairs) for the Middle East and North Africa Regional Office Shaha Ali Riza.Philip Sherwell, , The Telegraph, August 1, 2002, accessed April 18, 2007. According to Richard Leiby, of The Washington Post, Riza is "an Oxford-educated British citizen, was born in Tunisia and grew up in Saudi Arabia. She's known for her expertise on women's rights and has been listed on the bank's Web site as a media contact for Iraq reconstruction issues."Richard Leiby, , The Washington Post, March 22, 2007, C-03, accessed May 1, 2007. According to Leiby and Linton Weeks, in their essay "In the Shadow of a Scandal", Riza's employment at the World Bank predated Wolfowitz's nomination as Bank president: "Riza started at the World Bank as a consultant in July 1997 and became a full-time employee in 1999"; and the relationship between Riza and Wolfowitz pre-dated it as well: In the early 1990s, Riza joined the National Endowment for Democracy and is credited there with development of the organization's Middle East program. Wolfowitz was on the endowment's board—which is how Riza first met him, according to Turkish journalist Cengiz Candar, a friend of the couple. "Shaha was married at the time and Paul was married," Candar recalled, and it wasn't until late 1999—after Riza divorced and Wolfowitz had separated from his wife of 30 years, Clare Selgin Wolfowitz—that the couple began dating."Linton Weeks and Richard Leiby, , The Washington Post, May 10, 2007, accessed May 10, 2007. (Page 2 of 3 pages.)

When Wolfowitz was considered for head of the CIA after the 2000 election, Clare Wolfowitz wrote President-elect George Bush a letter telling him that her husband's relationship with a foreign national—Riza—posed a national security risk., Sharon Churcher and Annette Witheridge, The Daily Mail, March 20, 2005., Craig Unger,, November 9, 2007; Interview with Vanity Fair contributing editor Craig Unger, David Shankbone, Wikinews, November 12, 2007 It has been reported that Scooter Libby intercepted the letter., Ward Harkarvey, The Village Voice, June 14, 2007. Sidney Blumenthal also reported on the letter Clare Wolfowitz wrote:

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