Paul Manship bigraphy, stories - American sculptor

Paul Manship : biography

December 24, 1885 - January 28, 1966

Paul Howard Manship (December 24, 1885 – January 28, 1966) was an American sculptor.

Life

When he returned to America from his European sojourn, Manship found that his style was attractive to both modernists and conservatives. His simplification of line and detail appealed to those who wished to move beyond the Beaux-Arts classical realism prevalent in the day. Also, his view of and use of a more traditional "beauty" as well as an avoidance of the more radical and abstract trends in art made his works attractive to more conservative art collectors. Manship's work is often considered to be a major precursor to Art Deco.

Manship produced over 700 works and always employed assistants of the highest quality. At least two of them, Gaston Lachaise and Leo Friedlander, went on to create significant places for themselves in the history of American sculpture.

Although not known as a portraitist, he did produce statues and busts of Theodore Roosevelt, Samuel Osgood, John D. Rockefeller, Robert Frost, Gifford Beal and Henry L. Stimson. Manship was very adept at low relief and used these skills to produce a large number of coins and medals, one of his later ones being the John F. Kennedy inaugural medal.

Manship was chosen by the American Battle Monuments Commission to create monuments following both the First and Second World Wars. They are located respectively in the American Cemetery at Thiaucourt, France in 1926, and in the military cemetery at Anzio, Italy.

Manship served on the board of the Smithsonian American Art Museum and chaired the board. Manship was affiliated with the National Academy of Design, the National Sculpture Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Letters. He served on the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts from 1937 to 1941. His many honors include a Pierpont Morgan fellowship, a Widener Gold Medal from the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and the award of Chevalier from the French Legion of Honor.Thomas E. Luebke, ed., Civic Art: A Centennial History of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, 2013): Appendix B, p. 548.. Manship's extensive papers, maquettes and sculptures are housed in the Smithsonian's Archives of American Art. In 2004 the Smithsonian mounted a retrospective of Manship's career which resulted in a reappraisal of the sculptor's work.

There is a gallery dedicated to the display of Manship's work at the Smithsonian American Art Museum.

Manship was father of the artist John Paul Manship (1927–2000).

Public Sculpture

  • Earth, Air, Water and Fire, bronze reliefs for the American Telephone & Telegraph Building, (now 195 Broadway), New York City, 1914
  • Relief in honor of J. Pierpont Morgan at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1920
  • Young Lincoln, Fort Wayne, Indiana, 1932
  • Paul Rainey Memorial Gateway, Bronx Zoo, New York, 1934
  • Prometheus Fountain, Rockefeller Center, New York, 1934.
  • The Celestial Sphere Woodrow Wilson Memorial, Palais des Nations, United Nations Office at Geneva, Switzerland, 1939.
  • Teddy Roosevelt statue, Theodore Roosevelt Island, Washington, D.C., 1967
  • Gates to the Central Park Zoo Children's Zoo.
  • President Albert Murphree, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 1946

Gallery

File:Girl w duck Rittenhs Sq.jpg| Girl with a duck, 1911, Rittenhouse Square, Philadelphia File:WLA amart Solome 1915 Paul Manship.jpg|Salome, 1915, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. Image:Dancer and Gazelles.JPG|Dancer and Gazelles, 1916, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. File:WLA amart 1921 Atalanta.jpg| Atalanta, 1921, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. Image:Brookgreen Gardens Sculpture23.jpg|Diana and a Hound, 1924, Brookgreen Gardens, Pawley Island, South Carolina File:WLA amart Venus by Paul Manship.jpg| Study for Venus Anadyomene, 1924, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. File:WLA amart Actaeon.jpg| Actaeon (#1), 1925, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. Image:PMYoungLincoln-1.jpg|Young Lincoln or Hoosier Youth, 1932, Fort Wayne, Indiana Image:PMYoungLincoln-2.jpg|Young Lincoln or Hoosier Youth (detail), 1932, Fort Wayne, Indiana Image:eveningpaul.jpg|Evening (foreground), 1938, Brookgreen Gardens, Pawley Island, South Carolina

Museums with Manship works

  • Addison Gallery of American Art (Andover, Mass.)
  • Amon Carter Museum (Texas)
  • Art Institute of Chicago
  • Ball State University Museum of Art (Muncie, Ind.)
  • Brigham Young University Museum of Art (Utah)
  • Cincinnati Art Museum
  • Cape Ann Museum (Gloucester,Mass.)
  • Colby College Museum of Art (Waterville, Me.)
  • Corcoran Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.)
  • Courtauld Institute of Art (London)
  • Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art (Bentonville, Ark.)
  • Dayton Art Institute (Ohio)
  • Delaware Art Museum (Wilmington, Del.)
  • Harvard University Art Museums
  • Heckscher Museum of Art (Huntington, N.Y.)
  • Honolulu Museum of Art
  • Hudson River Museum (Yonkers, N.Y.)
  • The Huntington (San Marino, Calif.)
  • Indianapolis Museum of Art
  • Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston)
  • Kalamazoo Institute of Arts (Kalamazoo, MI.)
  • Joslyn Art Museum (Omaha, Neb.)
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art
  • Minneapolis Institute of Arts
  • Minnesota Museum of American Art (Saint Paul)
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
  • National Academy of Design (New York City)
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington D.C.)
  • National Museum of Wildlife Art (Jackson Hole, Wyo.)
  • New Britain Museum of American Art (Connecticut)
  • New Orleans Museum of Art
  • Norton Museum of Art (West Palm Beach))
  • Smithsonian American Art Museum (Washington D.C.)
  • Speed Art Museum (Louisville, Ky.)
  • Toledo Museum of Art (Ohio)
  • Virginia Museum of Fine Arts (Richmond, VA)
  • Walker Art Center (Minneapolis)
  • Westmoreland Museum of American Art (Greensburg, Penn.)
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