Norman Ralph Augustine bigraphy, stories - Scouts

Norman Ralph Augustine : biography

27 July 1935 -

Norman Ralph Augustine (born July 27, 1935) is a U.S. aerospace businessman who served as Under Secretary of the Army from 1975-77. Augustine currently serves as chairman of the Review of United States Human Space Flight Plans Committee.

Awards

Graphical plot of [[Augustine's law Number XVI: "In the year 2054, the entire defense budget will purchase just one aircraft."]]

  • Eagle Scout, 1952
  • National Space Club Goddard Award, 1991
  • Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1992
  • Rotary National Award for Space Achievement National Space Trophy, 1992
  • Electronic Industries Association Medal of Honor, 1994
  • The Washingtonian's Business Leader of the Year, 1997
  • The NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal, 1997
  • Space Foundation's General James E. Hill Lifetime Space Achievement Award in 2002. The highest honor bestowed by the Space Foundation, the award recognizes outstanding individuals who have distinguished themselves through lifetime contributions to the welfare of betterment of humankind through the exploration, development and use of space, or the use of space technology, information, themes or resources in academic, cultural, industrial or other pursuits of broad benefit to humanity. Augustine was the first recipient.
  • Public Welfare Medal from the National Academy of Sciences, 2003
  • USO's Freedom's Finest Award, 2004
  • The Harold W. McGraw Hill, Jr. Prize in Education, 2006
  • The 2006 BENS Eisenhower Award [Business Executives for National Security]
  • The , from The Franklin Institute.
  • NAA Wright Brothers Memorial Trophy, 2008
  • National Science Board Vannevar Bush Award, 2008
  • IRI Medal from the Industrial Research Institute, 2009
  • The American Chemical Society Public Service Award, 2009
  • B. Kenneth West Lifetime Achievement Award, 2009
  • NAS Award in Aeronautical Engineering from the National Academy of Sciences, 2010
  • Drexel University Engineering Leader of the year, 2011
  • The Wings Club Distinguished Achievement Award, 2011
  • Character Education Partnership's American Patriot of Character Award, 2012
  • Montgomery County Business Hall of Fame, 2012
  • Industry Week Manufacturing Hall of Fame, 2012

Career

Augustine was raised in Colorado and attended Princeton University where he graduated with a BSE in Aeronautical Engineering, magna cum laude, and an MSE. He was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, Tau Beta Pi and Sigma Xi.

In 1958 he joined the Douglas Aircraft Company in California where he worked as a Research Engineer, Program Manager and Chief Engineer. Beginning in 1965, he served in the Office of the Secretary of Defense as Assistant Director of Defense Research and Engineering. He joined LTV Missiles and Space Company in 1970, serving as Vice President, Advanced Programs and Marketing. In 1973 he returned to the government as Assistant Secretary of the Army and in 1975 became Under Secretary of the Army, and later Acting Secretary of the Army. Joining Martin Marietta Corporation in 1977 as Vice President of Technical Operations, he was elected as CEO in 1987 and chairman in 1988, having previously been President and COO. In 1990, he chaired the Advisory Committee on the Future of the U.S. Space Program, known as the Augustine Committee. He served as president of the Lockheed Martin Corporation upon the formation of that company in 1995, and became CEO later that year. He retired as chairman and CEO of Lockheed Martin in August 1997, at which time he became a Lecturer with the Rank of Professor on the faculty of Princeton University where he served until July 1999.

Augustine was Chairman and Principal Officer of the American Red Cross for nine years, Chairman of the National Academy of Engineering, President and Chairman of the Association of the United States Army, Chairman of the Aerospace Industries Association, and Chairman of the Defense Science Board. He is a former President of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and the Boy Scouts of America. He is a former member of the Board of Directors of ConocoPhillips, Black & Decker, Procter & Gamble and Lockheed Martin, and was a member of the Board of Trustees of Colonial Williamsburg. He is a Regent of the University System of Maryland, Trustee Emeritus of Johns Hopkins and a former member of the Board of Trustees of Princeton and MIT. He is a member of the Advisory Board to the Department of Homeland Security, was a member of the Hart/Rudman Commission on National Security, and served for 16 years on the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. He is a member of the guiding coalition of the Project on National Security Reform. He is a member of the American Philosophical Society, the National Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Explorers Club.

In May 2009 Augustine was named as chairman of the Review of United States Human Space Flight Plans Committee, that was tasked to review NASA's plans for the Moon, Mars and beyond.

In March 2011 Augustine agreed to serve as chair of the U.S. Antarctic Program Blue Ribbon Panel to assess U.S. activities in the South Pole. In July 2011, Augustine became a member of the , which seeks to diminish oil's monopoly over the US transportation sector and is sponsored by the (IAGS).

Augustine has been presented the National Medal of Technology by the President of the United States and received the Joint Chiefs of Staff Distinguished Public Service Award. He has five times received the Department of Defense's highest civilian decoration, the Distinguished Civilian Service Award. He is co-author of The Defense Revolution and Shakespeare In Charge and author of Augustine's Laws and Augustine’s Travels. He holds 29 honorary degrees and was selected by Who’s Who in America and the Library of Congress as one of “Fifty Great Americans” on the occasion of Who’s Who’s fiftieth anniversary. He has traveled in over 111 countries and stood on both the North and South Poles of the earth.

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