Nikolay Timofeev-Ressovsky : biography
Nikolaj Vladimirovich Timofeev-Resovskij ( September 7 (September 20) 1900, Moscow — March 28, 1981) was a Soviet biologist. He conducted research in radiation genetics, experimental population genetics, and microevolution. His work was of special importance to Soviet biology because it stood in direct opposition to the damage done by Lysenkoism, while his life was highlighted by scientific achievements in the face of severe personal hardship.
His life was described by Daniil Granin in the novel Zubr.
He was Director of the Genetics Division as the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Brain Research in the 1930s, where he received direct funding for his research from the Third Reich, who praised him as one of the world's best geneticists and trusted him because he was an opponent of Communism., Ute Deichmann, Thomas Dunlap. Harvard University Press, 1999. p. 117-118. ISBN 0-674-07405-X, 9780674074057., Monika Renneberg, Mark Walker. Cambridge University Press, 2003. p. 175-176.ISBN 0521528607, ISBN 978-0-521-52860-3. His department of genetics in Nazi Berlin was also described in a novel by Elly Welt, Berlin Wild; although fictional names were used, the characters are recognizable.
- N. W. Timofeeff-Ressovsky, Experimentelle Mutationsforschung in der Vererbungslehre. Beeinflussung der erbanlagen durch strahlung und andere faktoren. (Theodor Steinkopff, 1937)
- Nikolaj V. Timofeev-Ressovskij and Karl Günter Zimmer Biophysik. Bd. 1. Das Trefferprinzip in der Biologie (Hirzel, 1947)
- N. V. Timofeeff-Ressovsky, V. I. Ivanov, and V. I. Korogodin Application of the “Hit” Principle in Radiobiology [In Russian] (Atomisdat, 1968)
- N. W. Timofeeff-Ressovsky, N. N. Vorontsov, and A. V. Jablokov A Brief Review of the Theory of Evolution [In Russian] (Nauka, 1969)
- N. W. Timofeeff-Ressovsky, A. V. Jablokov, and N. V. Glotov A Review of the Theory of Populations [In Russian] (Nauka, 1973)
- N. W. Timofeeff-Ressovsky, N. N. Voroncov, and A. N. Jablokov Kurzer Grundriß der Evolutionstheorie (Fischer Verlag, 1975)
- N. W. Timofeeff-Ressovsky, A. N. Jablokov, and N. V. Glotov, Grundriß der Populationslehre (Fischer Verlag, 1977)
- N. W. Timofeeff-Ressovsky, A. V. Savich, and M. I. Shal'nov Introduction to Molecular Radiobiology: Physico-Chemical Foundations [In Russian] (Medicina, 1981)
- N. V. Timofeeff-Ressovsky The Stories Told by Himself with Letters, Photos and Documents [In Russian] (Soglasie, 2000)
During the period 1920 to 1925, Timofeev-Resovskij was an instructor and researcher in Moscow. It was in this period that he met and married Elena Aleksandrovana Fidler (1898 – 1973), who was a student of the cytologist and biologist Nikolaj Konstantinovich Kol’tsov in Moscow; Elena became not only Timofeev-Resovskij’s lifelong devoted companion but also his lifelong partner in research. Their eldest son, Dmitrij, was born on 11 September 1923.Vogt, 1998, 17.
From 1920 to 1925, Timofeev-Resovskij was a biology instructor in the pre-Chekist district primary school in Moscow. From 1922 to 1925, he was a zoology instructor on the biotechnical faculty of the Moscow Practical (Applied) Institute. From 1921 to 1925, he did research at the Institute of Experimental Biology, of the Gosudarstvennyj Institut Narodnogo Zdravookhraneniya (GINZ, State Institute of Public Health), under the directorship of N. K. Kol’tsov. Some of his research at the Institute involved Drosophila. It was in a department headed by Sergei Sergeevich Chetverikov, the founder of population genetics and a colleague of Kol’tsov, that Timofeev-Resovskij started his genetics experiments. From 1924 to 1925, he was a research assistant in Kol’tsov’s Department of Zoology at the Medical Pedagogical Institute in Moscow. In 1924, Timofeev-Resovskij began his publications in the field of phenogenetics.Medvedev, 1982, not paginated.
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