Neil Armstrong : biography
Childhood and young years
Neil Armstrong was born in city Wapakoneta, Ohio state in the family of Stephen Armstrong and Viola Engel. He had younger sister June and brother Dean. Father, Stephen Armstrong, worked for the administration of the state and after Neil was born, the family had to move from one town to another. They happened to live in twenty different cities before they finally settled in Wapakoneta in 1944. By that time Neil was already an active member of Boy Scouts of America, who would achieve the highest rang in the society – Eagle Scout. When Neil Armstrong was already adult, he also received awards from the society, such as Silver Buffalo Award and Distinguished Eagle Scout Award.
In 1947 Neil started to study aviation industry in the university Purdue, where he became a member of the student societies Kappa Kappa Psi and Phi Delta Theta. He became the second one to enter a college in his family. Neil Armstrong even had an opportunity to study in Massachusetts Institute of technology, but one of his acquaintances, who was the student of that institute dissuaded him from entering, explaining that there was no need going to Massachusetts for good education. The payment of his education was given by government, that was why he had to join army for three years after two years of education. He would continue his education for two more years after serving in army. The first two years of education Neil got middle grades.
In 1947 Neil Armstrong finished high school in Wapakoneta. In 1970 he got a master degree in aerospace technology in the University of South California. Since 1947 till 1955, with the break since 1949 till 1952, he studied at Perdue University in city West Lafayette, Indiana state, where he got his bachelor degree in aviation technology.
Serving in army
Neil Armstrong served at naval forces of the Usa, in Lewis researching centre as a test-pilot. He tested reactive aircrafts, took part in Korean War, during which he made 78 fighting flights at fighter-bomber Grumman F9F Panther. He was shot down in his aircraft for one time only. Neil Armstrong got one aviation medal and two golden stars.
Preparation for space flights
After serving in army, Neil Armstrong became a test-pilot. In 1962 he was included in the group of citizen pilots for NACA (late it was renamed to NASA) In November of 1960 he made his first flight at rocket glider North American X-15.
In March of 1966 Neil Armstrong became the commander of the ship Jemini-8, which made a space flight. During that flight Neil Armstrong together with astronaut David Scott made the first orbital docking of the two space ships.
In July of 1969 Neil Armstrong was the commander of Apollon-12, which made a flight to the Moon. On 21th of July Neil Armstrong became the first man who walked on the Moon surface. The phrase he said then, “A little step for a human, but a great leap for the whole mankind”, became history. Armstrong and his partner Edwin Aldrin spent 2,5 hours on the Moon surface. Neil Armstrong was given a medal by NASA and awarded to president Medal of Freedom for that.
Since 1970 till 1971 Neil Armstrong worked at headquarters of NASA in the department of advanced research and technology.
Armstrong quit his work in NASA in 1971 and after that lectured in Cincinnati University till 1979. Since 1985 till 1986 Neil Armstrong was a member of National Space Travel Committee. In 1986 he became the vice-chairperson of the investigation committee, created to examine the circumstances of shuttle Challenger wreck. Neil Armstrong also led business activity, being the head of company AIL Systems, Inc.
In 1999 he took part in television project of BBC, Planets as experts. In 2009 he was given the highest award of the USA – the golden medal of Congress.
Neil Armstrong married and had two sons, settled in Ohio state.