Musa Manarov : biography
Musa Khiramanovich Manarov ( born March 22, 1951 in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR) is a Soviet Laki cosmonaut who has spent 541 days in space.
He was a colonel at the Soviet Air Force and graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute with an engineering diploma in 1974. Musa was selected as a cosmonaut on December 1, 1978.
From December 21, 1987 to December 21, 1988 he flew as flight engineer on Soyuz TM-4. The duration was 365 days 22 hours 38 minutes. From December 2, 1990 to May 26, 1991 he flew again as a flight engineer on Soyuz TM-11. The duration was 175 days 1 hour 50 minutes, the longest continuous time spent in space by anyone at that time. During his 176-day stay, Manarov observed the Earth and worked in space manufacturing. He also performed 20 hours of spacewalks. Manarov currently lives in Russia.
Manarov is married with two children.
Awards and honors
- Hero of the Soviet Union
- Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
- Order of Lenin
- Order of the October Revolution
- Medal "For Merit in Space Exploration"
- Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)
- Order of Stara Planina (Republic of Bulgaria)
- Order of Georgi Dimitrov (Republic of Bulgaria)
- Order "The Sun of Freedom" (Afghanistan)
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