Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri bigraphy, stories - Pakistani Qadiriyya Sufi Scholar

Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri : biography

19 February 1951 -

Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri ({{ur}}) (born 19 February 1951) is a Pakistani politician, former law professor and a Sufi Islamic scholar. He was a former professor of international constitutional law at the University of the Punjab. Qadri is also the founding chairman of Minhaj-ul-Quran International.

Political career

On 25 May 1989, Qadri founded a political party: Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT). This party aims to introduce the culture of democracy, economic stability, improve the state of human rights, justice and the women's role in Pakistan. The PAT also aims to remove corruption from Pakistani politics. Its official website contains its formal manifesto. In 1990, he participated in the national election. In 1991, PAT and TNFJ (Tehreek-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqh-e-Jafria A shia political group ) now known as Tehreek-e-Jafria introduced the idea of political working relationship. From 1989 to 1993, Qadri continuously worked as an opposition leader.

He was also elected as a Member of the National Assembly for his constituency. On 29 November 2004, Qadri announced his resignation as a Member of the National Assembly. Qadri views an Islamic state as a Muslim-majority country which respects freedom, the rule of law, global human rights (including religious freedom), social welfare, women's rights and the rights of minorities. He also claims that the Constitution of Medina "declared the state of Madinah as a political unit". He also mentions that the Constitution declared the "indivisible composition of the Muslim nation (Ummah)". With respect to the Constitution of Medina, Qadri says: "This was the constitution, which provided the guarantee of fundamental human rights in our history." He believes that "a constitution is a man-made law and by no means it can be declared superior to a God-made law."

Long March

In December 2012, after living for seven years in Toronto, Canada, Qadri returned to Pakistan and initiated a political campaign which called for a "democratic revolution" through electoral reforms. Qadri called for a "million-men" march in Islamabad to protest against the government's corruption. On 14 January 2013, crowds marched down the city's main avenue. Thousands of people pledged to sit-in until their demands were met. When he started the long march from Lahore 10,000 people were with him. He told the rally in front of parliament: "There is no Parliament; there is a group of looters, thieves and dacoits [bandits] ... Our lawmakers are the lawbreakers." After four days of sit-in, the Government and Qadri signed an agreement called the Islamabad Long March Declaration, which promises electoral reforms and increased political transparency.

Critics have charged that the protests were a ploy by the Pakistan Armed Forces to delay elections and weaken the influence of the civilian government, citing Qadri's close ties to the military, dual nationality and foreign sources of funding.Arab News, "Pak crisis deepends: PM arrest ordered as rally shakes capital," front page, Vol. XXXVIII, #45. Wednesday, 16 January 2013. Lawyers for the Supreme Court of Pakistan claimed that Qadri's demands are unfeasible because they conflict with the Constitution of Pakistan. The Tribune reported on 17 February 2013, that Qadri seemed to have capitulated on most of his demands in the Islamabad Long March Declaration.


He has authored many published works in Arabic, English and Urdu, including:

  • “Tafsir Sura al-Fatiha” (a seven-volume commentary on Sura al-Fatiha).
  • “Tafsir Minhaj al-Quran” (al-Futuhat al-Madaniyya - 14 volumes).
  • “Jami‘ al-Sunna fi ma Yahtaju ilayhi Akhir al-Umma” (A comprehensive compilation of 25,000 hadith totalling 20 volumes).
  • “Minhaj al-Sawi min al-hadith al-nabawi’” ((A hadith collection of 2,200 hadith compiled on the pattern and style of Imam Nawawi’s Riyad al-salihin and al-Khatib al-Tabrizi’s Mishkat al-Masabih relevant to the modern age). al-Minhaj al-Sawi was published with compliments and tributes of Shaykh al-Azhar al-Sayyid Dr Muhammad ?antawi,Qadri, al-Minhaj al-sawi min al-hadith al-nabawi, 28-31. a renowned Muhaddith of Egypt, al-Shaykh Dr Ahmad ‘Umar Hashim (Ex-Vice Chancellor of Jami‘a al-Azhar,Qadri, al-Minhaj al-sawi min al-hadith al-nabawi, 36-39. Cairo), and Grand Mufti of Egypt al-Shaykh Dr ‘Ali Jumu‘aQadri, al-Minhaj al-sawi min al-hadith al-nabawi, 32-35. and others.).
  • “Al-‘Ata fi Ma‘rifa al-Mustafa’” (a four-volume collection of 5,000 hadith on the subjects of the excellence, habits, morals, specialties and miracles of Muhammad on the pattern and style of al-Shifa’ of Qadi ‘Iyad).
  • “Hidaya al-Umma ‘ala Minhaj al-Quran wa al-sunna” (a two-volume collection of 2,200 hadith).
  • “Al-Najaba fi Manaqib al-Sahaba wa al-Qaraba” (virtues of the Companions and the Family of Muhammad).
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