Montgomery Sicard : biography
Rear Admiral Montgomery Sicard (30 September 1836 – 14 September 1900) was an officer in the United States Navy during the American Civil War.
Born in New York, Sicard was appointed acting-midshipman on 1 October 1851. After graduation from the Naval Academy he was made midshipman on 9 June 1855. He was then attached to the frigate (1855–6) and steam frigate ) (1856–9) in the Home Squadron, and was promoted to passed midshipman on 15 April 1858, and to master on 4 November 1858.
Receiving his commission as lieutenant on 31 May 1860, he served aboard the steam sloop in 1861, and on the steam sloop of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron in 1862-3, participating in the capture of New Orleans, Louisiana, late in April 1862; seeing action in the bombardment and passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, at the Chalmetto batteries, and in the destruction of rebel flotilla and transports on 24 April 1862, and in the passage of the Vicksburg batteries in June. He was present when the Confederate ram made an attack on the Union Fleet on 15 July 1862, receiving his commission as lieutenant commander the next day. Sicard commanded the during the two assaults on Fort Fisher in December 1864 and January 1865, and saw further action at the bombardment of Fort Anderson on 11 February 1865. Sicard then served aboard the steam sloop on the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron until the war's end.
Sicard was an instructor at the Naval Academy from 1866–8, and commanded the steam sloop in the North Atlantic Squadron in 1868-9. He then took command of the steamer in the Pacific Squadron, and was promoted to commander on 2 March 1870. On 30 October 1870 the Saginaw was wrecked after running aground on Kure Atoll. The shipwrecked sailors salvaged supplies from the ship, and five men, led by Lieutenant John G. Talbot, set out in a small boat for the Hawaiian Islands some away. Arriving at Kauai after 31 days, the boat overturned in the breakers, and only Coxswain William Halford survived. King Kamehameha V sent his steamer Kilauea to rescue the stranded sailors, all of whom survived.
Command duty afloat then alternated with ordnance duty in Washington, D.C. and New York City. Sicard was promoted to the rank of captain on 7 August 1881, and served as Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance from 1881 to 1890. He was promoted to commodore on 10 July 1894, to rear admiral on 6 April 1897, taking command of the North Atlantic Squadron. He was forced to relinquish his command at the outbreak of the Spanish–American War due to ill health. Upon his partial recovery, he was placed in charge of the Board of Strategy and took an important part in guiding the conduct of the war.
Rear Admiral Sicard retired on 30 September 1898, and died at Westernville, New York, on 14 September 1900.
The destroyer (1920–1945) was named for him. The Washington Navy Yard in Washington, D.C. also has Sicard Street which is named for him.
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