Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani : biography
Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani ( born 8 April 1931) is an Iranian cleric, conservative politician, writer and current Chairman of the Assembly of Experts. He is also the current leader of Combatant Clergy Association.
Previously, he was Acting Prime Minister of Iran from 2 September 1980 when Prime Minister Mohammad-Javad Bahonar was assassinated until 29 October 1981. In 2011 he was elected as the Chairman of the Assembly of Experts, which elects and supervises the Supreme Leader of Iran.
He was born on 8 April 1931 in the village of Kan, near Tehran. His father was an Ayatollah and taught in the Mofid School. After he finished elementary school in Kan and Tehran he attended the religious school of Borhan for 3 years.
After the demise of Ayatollah Boroujerdi, he went back to Tehran and continued his struggle against the Pahlavi regime, something which he had started since he was 18, during the time of Ayatollah Boroujerdi. He was considerably active and effective in his participation in the Islamic movement of Iran led by Ruhollah Khomeini. Before the victory of the Islamic Revolution, he was appointed by Khomeini to the Revolutionary Council and later took up various political and religious positions.
After Iranian revolution
He served as the minister of interior in the cabinet of Mohammad-Ali Rajai to succeeding Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani that he was elected as chairman of parliament. He was reappointed as minister of interior in the cabinet of Mohammad-Javad Bahonar. He became the interim prime minister on 2 September 1981 and was in office until 29 October 1981. He was also chairman of provisional presidential council, after the assassination of president Mohammad Ali Rajai and prime minister Mohammad Javad Bahonar.
Mahdavi Kani is the founder and current head of Imam Sadegh University in Tehran, a university specializing in humanities. He has also been a member of the Constitutional Amendment Council of Iran, appointed by Ayatollah Khomeini, the Supreme Leader of Iran, to review and amend the Constitution of Iran in 1989.
Currently, he is the leader of Combatant Clergies' Association (Jame-e-y-e-Rowhaniat-e-Mobarez); he was elected to the post in 1979.
Assembly of Experts
He was elected as Chairman of the Assembly of Experts in 8 March 2011 after Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani resigned as Chairman. He was elected as member of Assembly of Experts in 2008 in a by-election from Tehran.
Some of his works published at this time are:
"The Beginning Points in Practical Ethics"
"The Origins & Basis of Islamic Economy" (A satirical masterpiece)
"The Book of "Beest goftar" (20 Discourses)
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