Mohammad Mohammadullah : biography
Mohammad Mohammadullah (Bengali মোহাম্মদ মুহম্মদুল্লাহ October 21, 1921 – November 12, 1999) was the 4th President of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Mohammadullah became the Acting President of the Republic 24 December 1973 and later he was elected President on January 24, 1974 and took oath of office as President of the Republic on January 27, 1974, he remained President till 25 January 1975.
Birth and education
Mohammadullah was born at the village of Saicha under Raipur upazila in the District of Lakshmipur on 21 October 1921. His father Munshi Abdul Wahab was a social worker. In 1943, Mohammadullah earned a bachelor degree with honours in History from Dhaka University and obtained LLB degree from Ripon College Kolkata and again from Dhaka University in the same year 1948. In 1950, he became a Member of the Dhaka Bar. In 1964, he was enrolled in Dhaka High Court as an advocate.
Mohammadullah was an active Member of Bangladesh Awami League from 1950. In 1953, he was elected as office secretary of East Pakistan and held the same position till 1972. He actively participated in the six point movement in 1966, and for which he was jailed for a long time. Mohammadullah was elected to the East Pakistan Provincial Assembly on the ticket of Awami League in 1970. He was appointed as the political advisor to the Acting President Syed Nazrul Islam during the Liberation War in 1971. On 10 April 1972, he was elected as the Deputy Speaker of the Bangladesh Constituent Assembly (Ganoparishad) and the same year he became the acting Speaker. On 12 November 1972, he was elected Speaker. He was elected to the Member of the Parliament (JS) from the Raipur-Lakshmipur constituency, and was re-elected Speaker of the House again in 1973. He became the Acting President of the Republic on December 24, 1973 and President on January 24, 1974. In January 1975, after his resignation as President, he was made Minister of Land Administration and Land Reforms in the Cabinet of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on January 26, 1975. He was appointed as the Vice President of the Republic after August 15, 1975. Mohammadullah joined the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) in 1980. He was appointed Vice President by President Abdus Sattar in March 1982 but the tenure lasted barely twenty-four hours, because General Hussain Muhammad Ershad took over the reins of administration of the country. Mohammadullah was elected a member of the parliament (JS) once again in 1991 on BNP ticket. However, he left the party (BNP) to rejoin the Awami League before the 1996 parliamentary elections.
Mohammadullah died on 11 November 1999 at the age of 78. He was buried at Banani graveyard.