Mohamed Amin Didi bigraphy, stories - President of the Maldives

Mohamed Amin Didi : biography

July 20, 1910 - January 19, 1954

Al Ameer Mohamed Amin Dhoshimeynaa Kilegefaanu (Dhivehi: އަލްއަމީރު މުހައްމަދު އަމީން ދޮށިމޭނާ ކިލެގެފާނު) (July 20, 1910 - January 19, 1954), popularly known as Mohamed Amin Didi was a Maldivian political figure. He served as the first president of the Maldives and as the head of government between January 1, 1953 and August 21, 1953. Amin Didi was also the principal of Majeediyya School from 1946 to 1953. Amin Didi had one daughter, Ameena Ameen. His grandson Ameen Faisal was the former Minister of Defence and National Security of Maldives. His other grandchildren are Ibrahim Faisal, Farahanaz Faisal and Aishath Shuweykar.

Mohamed Amin Didi was the leader of the first political party in the Maldives, Rayyithunge Muthagaddim Party. He was well known for his efforts to modernize the country, which included the advancement of women and of education in Maldives.Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Barcelona 1999, ISBN 84-7254-801-5

President Amin was the son of Athireegey Ahmed Dhoshimeynaa kilegefaan and Roanugey Aishath Didi. He was a descendant of the famous dynasty of Huraa, from his father's side. In 1920, he went abroad to Ceylone (now Sri Lanka) and studied in St. Josephs College. In 1928, he went to India to study more and returned to Maldives in 1929.

After returning from abroad, he held many posts in the government like the chief officer of customs, head of the Maldivian Post Office, Minister of trade, member of the First Maldivian Parliament.

With the support of the people, he abolished the 812 years old sultanate and became the first president of the Maldives on 1 January 1953. He always supported a constitutional Monarchy.

After the death of Sultan Majeed Didi and his son Prince Hassan Fareed Didi, the members of the parliament chose Amin Didi to be the next person who is capable to be as sultan. But Didi stood up and shouted "for the sake of the people of Maldives I would not accept the crown and the throne". So, a referendum was held and Maldives became a republic. But the republic was short lived and a revolution was brought by the people of Male, while the president was in Ceylon for medical treatment.

People of Male' appointed Velaanaagey Ibraahim Didi, the vice president of Amin as the head of the government. Mr Amin Didi was not aware of these events which had taken place in his absence and he returned to the country ignorant of what had happened. As soon as Amin Didi returned, for his own safety he was taken to Dhoonidhoo island and was kept there under the government's supervision with high quality services, the same as for the President.

Four months after being taken to Dhoonidhoo, secret letters were exchanged between him and Ibrahim Hilmy Didi, to bring an end to this revolutionary government and to restore the monarchy, with Ibrahim Hilmy as the king and Amin Didi as the prime minister. And one night Amin Didi came to Male and tried to take control of Bandeyrige. People were so angry that he was nearly beaten to death. Then he was thrown into a small boat (bohkuraa near Male).

Later, the leaders of this small rebel group who wanted Mohanmed Amin as their leader were brought to court including Mohamed Amin Didi, Ibrahim Hilmy Didi and Shamsuddin Hilmy . These people were sentenced to exile.

Mohamed Amin was banished to Kaafu Atoll, Gaafaru, Ibraahim Hilmy was banished to K. Gulhi and Shamsuddin Hilmy was banished to K. Himmafushi.

As the former president's health deteriorated, he was brought to Vihamanafushi Island (now Kurumbaa village), where he died on 19 January 1954. A small funeral was held on Vihamanaa Fushi.

He is still honoured by the citizens of his country even today for being the first president of Maldives and for making the democracy to come alive in this little country. He is also admired by a lot of citizens in Maldives along with his large family.Aaminath Faaiza, Daisymaage, Ameenuge Ha'ndhaan, Male' 1997

Genealogy

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Living octopus

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