Max Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook : biography
William Maxwell "Max" Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Bt, PC, ONB, (25 May 1879 – 9 June 1964) was an Anglo-Canadian business tycoon, politician, and writer. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved: 6 July 2011.
Lord Beaverbrook held a tight grip on the British media as an influential press baron, owning The Daily Express newspaper, BBC News Magazine Retrieved: 14 July 2011. as well as the London Evening Standard and the Sunday Express. His political career included serving as a Minister in the British government during both world wars. Tarrytown, New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation, 2002. ISBN 978-0-7614-7231-5.
Beaverbrook was an influential and often mentioned figure in British society of the first half of the 20th century.
The year Aitken moved to Britain, he became Unionist Member of Parliament for Ashton-under-Lyne. After the death of Charles Rolls in 1910, Aitken bought his shares in Rolls-Royce, and over the next two years gradually increased his holding in the company. However, Claude Johnson, Rolls-Royce's Commercial Managing Director, resisted Aitken's attempt to gain control of the company, and in October 1913 he sold his holding to J.B. Duke, of American Tobacco Company.Pugh 2001
Aitken began to build a London newspaper empire. He often worked closely with Andrew Bonar Law, another native of New Brunswick, the only Canadian to be Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. In 1911, Aitken was knighted by King George V.
During World War I, the Canadian government put Aitken in charge of creating the Canadian War Records Office in London, and he made certain that news of Canada's contribution to the war was printed in Canadian and British newspapers. Aitken also established the Canadian War Memorials Fund that evolved into a collection of war art by the premier artists and sculptors in Britain and Canada. His visits to the Western Front in the First World War, during which he held the honorary rank of colonel in the Canadian Army, resulted in his 1916 book Canada in Flanders, a three-volume collection that chronicled the achievements of Canadian soldiers on the battlefields. After the war, Aitken wrote several books including Politicians and the Press in 1925 and Politicians and the War in 1928.
- Aitken House unbf.ca. Retrieved: 6 July 2011.
- Aitken University Centre
- Lady Beaverbrook Gymnasium
- Lady Beaverbrook Residence unb.ca. Retrieved: 6 July 2011.
- Beaverbrook House (UNBSJ E-Commerce Centre)
- City of Fredericton, New Brunswick
- Lady Beaverbrook Arena (formerly operated by the University of New Brunswick)
- The Beaverbrook Art Gallery, including world-renowned art collection (New Brunswick's provincial gallery)
- The Fredericton Playhouse
- Lord Beaverbrook Hotel
- Lord Beaverbrook statue in Officer's Square
- City of Miramichi, New Brunswick
- Lord Beaverbrook Arena (LBA)
- Beaverbrook Kin Centre (formerly the Beaverbrook Theatre and Town Hall)
- Beaverbrook House (his boyhood home and formerly the Old Manse Library)
- Lord Beaverbrook bust in Queen Elizabeth Park
- Aitken Avenue
- City of Campbellton, New Brunswick
- Lord Beaverbrook School
- City of Saint John, New Brunswick
- Lord Beaverbrook Rink
- City of Ottawa, Ontario
- City of Calgary, Alberta
- Lord Beaverbrook High School
- McGill University
- The Beaverbrook Chair in Ethics, Media and Communications mcgill.ca. Retrieved: 6 July 2011.
After the war, Beaverbrook served as chancellor of the University of New Brunswick and became the university's greatest benefactor, fulfilling the same role for the city of Fredericton and the province as a whole. He would provide additions to the university, scholarship funds, the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, the Beaverbrook Skating Rink, the Lord Beaverbrook Hotel (profits donated to charity), the Playhouse, Louise Manny's early folklore work, and numerous other projects.
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