Maria Isabel of Portugal : biography
Maria Isabel of Portugal (Maria Isabel Francisca; 19 May 1797 – 26 December 1818) was an Infanta of Portugal who became the Queen of Spain as the second wife of Ferdinand VII of Spain.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 19 May 1797 – 29 September 1816 Her Royal Highness the Infanta Dona Maria Isabel of Portugal
- 29 September 1816 – 26 December 1818 Her Majesty the Queen of Spain
- Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa
Arms of Spain and Portugal
Maria Isabel was an Infanta of Portugal and daughter of John VI of Portugal and his wife Carlota Joaquina of Spain. She was a sister of Pedro I of Brazil.
She married her maternal uncle King Ferdinand VII of Spain on 29 September 1816, whose first wife, Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, had died childless ten years before.
Maria Isabel was again pregnant soon after the birth of her firstborn, but the birth was a difficult one. The baby was in breech and the physicians soon found that the child had died. Maria Isabel stopped breathing soon thereafter and the doctors thought she was dead; when they started cutting her up to extract the dead fetus, she suddenly shouted in pain and collapsed on her bed, bleeding heavily.
She died on 26 December 1818 in the Palace of Aranjuez while giving birth to a large, stillborn daughter and was buried at the Escorial, having failed to provide her husband with an heir to the throne.
- Infanta María Luisa Isabel of Spain (21 August 1817 – 9 January 1818)
- Infanta María Luisa Isabel of Spain (26 December 1818), stillborn. (retrieved 30 March 2012).
It is due to Queen Maria Isabel's dedication and affection for the art world that she managed to gather many treasures from the past and create a royal museum, which would end up being the beginnings of Museo del Prado. It opened on 19 November 1819, a year after the Queen's death.
In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine