Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans bigraphy, stories - Religion

Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans : biography

4 August 1703 - 4 February 1752

Louis d'Orléans (Louis d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans) (4 August 1703 – 4 February 1752) was the Duke of Orléans and a member of the royal family of France, the House of Bourbon, and as such was a prince du sang. At his father's death, he became the First Prince of the Blood (Premier Prince du Sang). Known as Louis le Pieux and also as Louis le Génovéfain, Louis was a pious, charitable and cultured prince, who took very little part in the politics of the time.

Later life

On 5 September 1725, the court celebrated the marriage of Louis XV to the Polish princess, Marie Leszczyńska at Fontainebleau. Earlier, Orléans had represented Louis XV at the proxy marriage ceremony, which had taken place the previous 15 August at Strasbourg.Nouvelle biographie générale depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours, Firmin Didot Frères, Paris, 1862, Tome 38, p. 822: http://books.google.com/books?id=NvUOAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA4-PA819-IA1&lpg=RA4-PA819-IA1&dq=mariage+du+duc+d'Orl%C3%A9ans+avec+Auguste+Marie+Jeanne+de+Bade&source=web&ots=NU7jjbXRXb&sig=5_p6649n1PcDZQIAw9XXsiUbHXA&hl=fr&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=4&ct=result The young queen would later have a lot of sympathy for the quiet and pious Duke.

The following year, on 8 August 1726, the duke's young wife died three days after the birth of her second child, Louise Marie, at the Palais-Royal in Paris. After the early death of his wife, and until his own death in 1752, Louis lived by strict rules. His aunt, Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans Duchess of Lorraine, proposed her two daughters Élisabeth Thérèse de Lorrainelater wife of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia and Queen of Sardinia and Anne Charlotte de Lorraine as possible wives; Louis refused outright.

In 1730, Cardinal Fleury secured the duke's dismissal from the position of colonel-general of the infantry, a post he had held for nine years. Afterwards, Orléans became increasingly religious. Around 1740, he ordered the employment of a priest at the Palais Royal to stay with him during ill health. He later decided to retire at the Abbaye Sainte-Geneviève de Paris.in French: From then on, he became known as Louis le Génovéfain.Member of the Saint Genevieve congregation (of the Augustine order), from the Latin Genovefa: Genevieve. Saint Genevieve is the patron saint of Paris. As he retired into private life, Louis spent his time translating the Psalms and the Pauline epistles, protecting men of science and managing his wealth.ib. Dufresne, pp. 177-188. Like his cousin, the Duke of Penthièvre, he was praised for his charitable works. After the birth of his son, Louis was often preoccupied with the education of his son.

His son, Louis Philippe would liked to have married Madame Henriette, the second daughter of Louis XV, but Louis XV refused. The king did not want the House of Orléans to be as powerful as it had been during the regency of Orléans' father.ib. Dufresne, chapter: Un "bon gros prince", pp. 189 & 192. In 1737 he, along with his aunt the Dowager Duchess of Bourbon, were asked to be godparents of the kings son, Louis de France, Dauphin of France (1729–1765).

On 17 December 1743, Orléans' son married Louise Henriette de Bourbon, the daughter of Louis Armand, Prince of Conti and his wife, Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon. The Condé and Orléans families had been at odds since the Orléans had assumed the rank of First Prince of the Blood in 1709, and it was hoped that the marriage would settle their mésentente. Although passionate at first, the marriage soon proved unhappy because of the young bride's débaucherie.ib. Dufresne, chapter Un "bon gros prince", p. 191-195.

Louis Philippe d'Orléans would see the birth of his grandchildren Louis Philippe (1747–1793) and Bathilde (1750–1822) who, during the French Revolution of 1789, would be known respectively as Philippe Égalité and Citoyenne Vérité. Because of the scandalous behaviour of their mother, he refused to acknowledge the legitimacy of his grandchildren.

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